Terrariums For Plants, Or Florariums

The boring approach to interior gardening, as well as the time when plants were only displayed on the windowsill, are long in the past. With the introduction of green pets into the decoration of our homes, and the recognition of their role in the atmosphere and microclimate, not only the range of plants themselves, but also the methods of their use began to expand. Along with the new fashion trends came back, it would seem long forgotten traditions and floral techniques. And one of these "vestiges of the past" - flower terrariums or florariums, which are once again becoming fashionable and popular. They are a particular way of using plants in Victorian-era interiors, and have long since transcended the boundaries of dining room design.

Terrariums for plants, or Florariums
Terrariums for Flowers. © Bird and Feather

Content:

  • Description of Florariums
  • The types of Florariums and why size  - is not important
  • Style Games
  • A garden that does not require care
  • The perfect place for a flower terrarium

Description of Florariums

Florariums and Florariums are compositions of plants, initially succulents, that can settle for minimal resources, planted in a special container of transparent plastic or glass. Until recently, florariums were primarily perceived as capricious and rare crops placed in glass vessels for creating a special microclimate.

But today they have regained their former glory. And floral terrariums are again regarded more widely as single plants or compositions of plants in glass vessels - landscapes in miniature.

Terrariums are used in the phytodesign of both home and office interiors. They combine art, botany, and floriculture into one unique complex that literally recreates a piece of wildlife for your home. It is impossible to overestimate the atmosphere of mini-florariums, as well as their larger counterparts.

They are unique in both coziness and energy, and in the art of attracting attention. A home garden behind glass, or florarium, is a self-sufficient element of gardening and can both completely replace a collection of living plants and complement them or play the role of a natural decor and luxurious accessory.

The resurgence of fashion for floral terrariums we owe to American designers. Along with the active return of vintage in the interior design and the focus on natural materials they also remembered the Victorian compositions of succulents, which can decorate the dinner table.

From several projects the mini-terrariums moved onto the tea and coffee tables, into living rooms and bedrooms, offices and offices, and almost displaced large window display florariums. And in craft stores they even became a separate category of décor. This overseas fashion came to us today too.

Terrariums for plants, or Florariums
Terrarium in a landscape style. © abramsbooks

Types of florrariums and why the size - not the main thing for them

The main advantage of terrariums is the special microclimate, favorable for the growth of capricious, requiring non-standard and difficult in recreating the humid environment. High humidity, complete protection against drafts and temperature swings -a truly tropical environment that greenhouse and indoor exotics will love. But terrariums are in fact different in their conditions, being divided into two types of compositions:

Dry terrariums, created from succulents and cacti (in the West designers most often call them Victorian compositions). These are the easiest type of flower terrariums to create and maintain. Among them there are mountain and desert landscapes, minimalistic florariums with a single succulent and with more complex compositions.

Wet or tropical terrariums, designed for capricious and moisture-loving plants. They can be monotypic -for flowering plants or forest (to imitate a forest landscape). Sometimes florariums, in which grow special species of plants, are named after them. So appeared in the vocabulary of florists orchidariums - florariums in which rare species of orchids are grown (especially - species with precious leaves). The orchids need watering automatically, a low night-time temperature, and a stable humidity. Both types of orchids can literally be created in one and the same container. Everything will depend only on the soil, plants and care.

Differentiate between florariums and by size. Of course, even today offices and large houses create flower showcases -arranged on the window sill large structures in the form of a glass box, two sides of which replace the glass and the window sill itself, or even more complex giant terrariums, more like separate rooms behind the glass, dividing the space (huge "plant aquariums"). They all create a complex ecosystem of dozens of plants and with specific conditions, which can be called a garden behind glass, or a piece of wildlife enclosed in a giant showcase.

But flower showcases and such large flower terrariums are more of a luxury item than an affordable means to bring a piece of wildlife into your home. But mini plant terrariums -they're at the peak of popularity right now. Compact, elegant and versatile, always perceived as something exotic, these little islands of wildlife in the interior seem like a mini garden enclosed in glass, a luxurious little decoration and an amazing miracle. The pleasure from contemplation of mini-terrariums is not less, than from admiring any colorful garden behind the glass. And it's suitable even for the tiniest rooms. © Terrain

Style Games

Decorative terrariums also come in very different forms. Some are peculiar oases of nature in the house, imitating wild landscapes. Others have a very different goal -to achieve stylistic expression and more decorative, not authentic. Stylistically the Florariums can be either:

  1. decorative, where the different accessories and the plants themselves are used to their best effect and where the lines, color, style and shape are as important as the plants;
  2. natural, imitating natural landscapes and typical plant combinations; they represent whole mountain, forest or desert landscapes or part of them.

A carefree garden

A common feature for all types of flower terrariums is ease of maintenance. Even the most demanding of crops requires very little care.

The advantage of closed, humid terrariums over outdoor cultivation is particularly strong:

  • no dust gets under the glass and there is no need to wipe the leaves;
  • no moisture evaporates, so high humidity is maintained by minimal, very rare watering;
  • florariums can be left without fear not only for several days, but also for several weeks;
  • care is reduced to keeping the outside of the glass clean and periodic basic hygiene procedures.

If the florarium for moisture-loving plants is open, with holes, the care becomes a little more intensive. But it also obeys the rules that make florariums one of the best methods of cultivation (taking care of plants in a terrarium is still easier than in an ordinary pot):

  1. Water as the soil dries up. For succulents even in summer once a week, and for mosses and hygro-loving plants you can provide an automatic watering system.
  2. Leaf spraying is necessary in open mini-terrariums for tropical species, but absolutely not necessary for succulents.
  3. Another care is to keep the glass clean, ventilate fully closed terrariums for flowers, remove too long, damaged and dry branches and leaves.

Florariums, except monoculture ones, are not transplanted: as soon as the plants become crowded, they are simply transferred to separate containers or greenhouse, and a new florarium is created with new "participants".

The ready-made, from a set or handmade mini-florariums are equally beautiful.

The creation of mini terrariums for flowers -a matter of taste and aesthetic preferences. To decorate your home with a florarium, you can both buy it ready-made in decor stores, and turn to an interior designer or florist, and compose a mini-garden yourself. Moreover, the latter option is not only fascinating, but also opens unique opportunities for creativity.

You can either buy a ready-made set consisting of plants and all necessary materials, or buy different components separately, creating your own unique florariums. And with the desire and some experience to create a landscape terrarium can be created with improvised means.

Terrariums for plants, or Florariums
Terrarium with plants predators - Saracenia

4 mandatory components of any mini-terrarium:

  1. Tank, or a glass base. It can really be anything. From glass round vases to simple bowls and even jars. It all depends on your taste, plant preferences and desired style. Victorian terrariums used special glass caps that were set tightly on a wooden or other base. But today, the range of vessels for terrariums is not limited to authentic vessels. Vases, jars, flasks, decorative containers, large bottles and even aquariums of any size -any glass vessel can become a shelter for the composition of plants. And it does not even have to have at least a small, often narrowed, hole in the top or side for air access. For tropical florariums use completely closed variants without holes, while others can always pick up a glass lid.
  2. Drainage, crushed wood or activated carbon (to prevent the spread of mold and bacteria, absorbing toxins from water and substrate) and soil (most often -mixture of sand and special highly nutritious substrate for tropical crops and sand or decorative soil for succulent plants).
  3. Decorative soil, or filler -from pieces of bark to decorative pebbles, stones, aquarium soil, sand, shells and other loose materials. It is often used not only for the top decorative layer, but also by over-layering the substrate, replacing drainage.
  4. The plants you want to grow. For tropical and woodland florariums, use asparagus, ivy, begonias, calamus, miniature ferns, crotons, celaginella, chamedorea, and other plants. For desert florariums and mountain landscapes other cultures are chosen: holodilus, different types of cacti, agave, calanhoe, adromiscus, malephora, borodnik, greenovia, dicia, thrush, euphorbia and others. Mosses also behave perfectly in florariums, but it's necessary to provide a reservoir with water to create a damp environment.
  5. Decorative elements and additions - from corals, stones, moss, twigs, cones, dried flowers, minerals, shells, ceramic figures to other natural (and not very) decor.

The process of making a terrarium is simple and corresponds to its components: after preparing and disinfecting the container it is filled first with drainage and substrate, laying charcoal either between them or on the bottom, and then and completing the creation of the "base" with decorative soil. Plants are planted carefully, after thoroughly washing the roots, in small holes made with any handy tool. After planting they are watered or sprayed, and then place all the decorative elements of the composition, creating your own mini-garden in a glass vessel.

Terrariums for plants, or Florariums
Terrariums in perfume bottles

The ideal place for a floral terrarium

The proper placement of a mini-florarium is a whole art. Such compositions must be treated literally as the most eye-catching decoration, placing them in the most prominent and "crown" place. The main reference points in the arrangement of terrariums for flowers - favorite places for rest and leisure. Most often (and by the traditional approach -almost exclusively), place the florariums on the dining table and coffee tables. But you can also use the original solutions:

  • place vessels on the wall in rows;
  • hang them like ampelas against the wall;
  • use hanging vessels as a space divider.
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