Saturated blue colors are very rare among indoor crops. Only beautiful pigweed and bulbs, which grow in pots, can boast special shades of sky-blue, jade, azure and ultramarine tones. The real blue queen of interiors is the quivering and graceful brodiaea. Even in our garden culture it is considered a great rarity. And in the rooms, brodeea turns into an exclusive decoration at all. There is nothing difficult in growing this plant - it's a usual process of growing small bulbous plants.
- Luxurious shades of blue in brodia flowers
- Species of indoor brodia
- Conditions for growing indoor brodia
- Home care for brodia
- Diseases, Pests and problems in cultivation
- Propagation of brodiaea
Luxury shades of blue in brodiaea flowers
The amazing bulbs of the genus Brodiaea (Brodiaea) were named after the scientist who discovered it - the legendary botanist and true Scotsman D. Brodie. There is much confusion associated with the name and classification of brodiaea. In the past, plants were included in genera of other relatives, transferred from trithels and dichelostems to an independent genus and back again. Therefore, many brodiae, especially in catalogs that do not specialize in bulbs, can be found both with the Latin name Triteleia and with the label Dichelostemma. Buying plants, you should be careful and check their characteristics - size, peculiarities of flowering, flower colors.
Broadleia belong to the number of small corms. Globular, fibrous, not large, their corms are not impressive in size, but form a rather powerful rhizome. The corms produce straight, rough stems and simple, linear, thin, dark green, furrowed and fleshy leaves, more typical of chives and onions. The shoots rarely exceed 25 cm in height in indoor conditions (only the California brodeea can rise above 30 cm).
The flowers of the brodiei appear strikingly graceful. The funnel-shaped perianths are notched halfway into slightly bent, elongated-triangular lobes. The three stamens, to which the anthers are attached by the base, seem to be touching details in the pharynx, emphasizing the beauty of the lines. Flowers are gathered in inflorescences (from 3 to 13 pieces), sitting on pedicels different in length, which only strengthens the effect of weightlessness and elegance of the plant.
The brodiaea usually bloom in summer, in early June-July, but in room culture the specific dates of flowering depend only on conditions and desires of owners: you can put out brodiaea literally all year round, for any holiday or season (if, of course, there is a possibility to arrange the necessary temperature and proper lighting).
Although all brodiaea are rightly ranked as blue-flowered plants, the shades of color in their flowers vary depending on growing conditions, especially the characteristics of the substrate and lighting. The same bulbs in different rooms can produce richly ultramarine or purple flowers, others will delight you with cobalt notes, others will appear sky-blue, and some may show azure or bluish-lilac hues.
Variations include medium to light tones of blue, with the usual light watercolor transition from the darker tips to the lighter yawn, which are enhanced by a dark stroke or dash in the center of each tine.
Species of indoor brodiaea
There are about three dozen species of plants in the genus brodiaea. Not all brodiums are very popular, but only those plants that can boast of a particular decorative bloom. All garden and room brodiaea are North American endemics.
The best species include:
Brodiaea minor (Brodiaea minor) - a compact, as if created for miniature decorative pots, species with strikingly thin leaves and surprisingly graceful flowers with narrow petals and bluish-lilac delicate color. The maximum height is limited to 10 cm, and up to 9 flowers bloom on a single stem.
An even more compact species, but with more massive flowers is Brodiaea squatis (Brodiaea terrestris). The plant has almost no stem and the flowers seem to grow straight out of the ground in compound tufts.The classic transition from the barberry edges to the light blue green of this plant further emphasizes the size of the flowers.
Brodiaea californica (Brodiaea californica) is a very beautiful species with larger flowers up to 9 cm in diameter (in rooms, usually 3-5 cm). The lilac-lavender color of the flowers seems very delicate.
Brodiaea coronaria (also known as large-flowered, Brodiaea coronaria) is a more compact species with typical shoots up to 20-30 cm high. The leaves are reminiscent of the onion-seed, thin, tubular with sharp tips. One bulb produces up to 11 flowers on variegated pedicels. Forked, with slender petals, amethyst-purple, they appear very graceful.
Brodiaea stellaris (Brodiaea stellaris) is a wonderfully delicate plant with almost oval petals, a whitish crown inside the yawn and a purple-barberry coloring that gradually fades in the center. The leaves are narrow and very light. The plant appears studded with a scattering of stars.
The brodigea has quite a few ornamental varieties. The catalogs most often show exactly hybrid and varietal forms with picturesque names. They differ from ordinary plants only in shades of blue-lilac color. It is better to choose varieties by their color palette.
Conditions for Growing Indoor Brodiaea
Brodiaea are typical flowering crops. They are lovers of good light and mild temperatures. The sensitivity of the plant to insufficient light during the period of active growth makes the process of bunting somewhat difficult, but still, in terms of the selection of conditions, brodies are quite typical for indoor bulb stars.
Lighting and placement
Brodies belong to the number of bulbs that you cannot grow without properly selected bright light. These plants will only tolerate a slight penumbra, but the light intensity should still not be lower than in the second row of east or west window sill.
Please also read this.
Sunny places are less preferable than diffuse and soft lighting, because the numerous flowers of brodiaea are sensitive to the hot midday rays. During the resting period the brodinea can be kept in the dark place, moving it into the light depending on the desired blooming time or when it starts to show signs of growth.
When choosing a place for this flowering plant in the interior you can choose only on window sills or furniture items close to a window with direct light. If the plant is put out at an unusual time, especially if planted for winter or spring flowering, it will be very difficult for the brodigea to bloom without extra light. The plant is dependent on bright light and is likely to fail to produce buds at all.
Temperature and ventilation
The brodies will put up with any room temperature during the active growth phase. It is easy to compensate for the heat for the plants by increasing air humidity, but even without such measures, flowering will be abundant. Both temperature and light are important for brodiaea during the dormancy period. The plant after the complete death of the above-ground part is kept in the rooms for another 2-3 weeks, and then transferred to a cooler place for the resting period and preparation for future flowering.
The optimum temperature for wintering brodigea is 12 to 14 degrees. Depending on the desired timing of flowering (with typical early flowering in January-February) - plants are taken out to normal room temperatures.
Flowering brodies do not like sharp temperature fluctuations. Plants should preferably be protected from draughts. If you wish, potted brodies can be used in the decoration of a balcony or terrace.
Home care for brodies
This bulbous cannot be called the easiest to care for. Because of its sensitivity to improper watering and its love of high humidity, brodies are somewhat more difficult to grow than tulips or crocuses. But with care and proper attention these potted plants seem to be a precious decoration of window sills and surprise with a scattering of magnificent flowers.
Watering and humidity
Broadleaves are sensitive to both drought and overwatering, but require not just regular but stable watering of the soil. These procedures are carried out with such a frequency that between waterings the top layer of soil in containers dries out during the whole phase of active vegetation.
When the plant blossoms and begins to wither, watering is reduced, stopping it after the leaves die off. Resume watering also slowly, starting lightly after transferring the broodiae back to the warmth.
Broodiae in rooms are sensitive to humidity. Plants respond gratefully to elevated levels, but cannot tolerate spraying the leaves (they must be protected from getting wet, even while watering). Flowering plants should be placed away from heaters and air conditioners. Humidifiers in the form of trays with wet moss or pebbles should be installed if the humidity falls below 45-50%.
Fertilizers and fertilizer composition
Fertilizers for brodia only from the time of the first leaves and until the end of flowering. Classic fertilization with a frequency of 1 time in 2-3 weeks is preferred.
Fertilizers for bulbs or flowering plants are chosen for this culture. Room brodies cannot tolerate excess nitrogen.
Trimming and shaping
In these plants, all pruning procedures are limited to the removal of fading flowers. This pruning will extend the overall duration of flowering. Leaves are removed only after they have completely wilted.
Potting and Substrate
One of the most unusual characteristics of brodiaea is its dislike of transplants. While typical indoor bulbs can be kept out of the soil and in dry substrate, making sure to transplant every year before flowering, the brodiaea is only transplanted when the family has grown so big that it fills the container completely. Usually transplant this plant not more often than once every 2-3 years.
A special earth mixture for bulbs is best suited for the brodium. Purchased substrates are preferable, but you can compose the soil yourself, combining mulch, leaf and peat soil with sand in a ratio of 1:1:3:1.
When transplanting should be observed with extreme caution. If it is possible to transfer the plants with minimal contact with the bulbs and roots, the plant will adapt much faster. At the bottom of containers be sure to lay a high drainage. For potted brodiyas it is advisable to mulch the soil with stone chips.
Diseases, pests and problems in cultivation
Broadleaves in rooms are extremely susceptible to rot. Both thrips and spider mites are common on them, but of the pests, root mites and nematodes are the most troublesome. If affected, it is necessary to carry out emergency transplanting with treatment of corms in insecticide solution (or fungicides in case of rot).
Reproduction of brodiaea
These indoor plants can be grown from seeds, because the plants bloom amazingly quickly - sometimes already in the first year. The seeds are sown with a slight burial, in light nutritious soil. Until the emergence of seedlings containers are kept under glass at a temperature of 21 degrees. Dropping is carried out accurately, transferring plants with a root ball in groups into small containers and only after at least the second full-fledged leaf appears. The plant grows rapidly, forming dense families. The small bulbs can be transplanted and used as independent plants.