More About Soil Mulching

In recent years, weather cataclysms are not uncommon for us: either hot weather with temperatures up to 40 ° C, or frosts in mid-spring. Under the hot sun, uncovered land heats up (as sand on the beach) to +50 ... +70 ° C. The heated soil and hot air in just a few days will burn everything that was carefully cultivated in greenhouses and planted in the garden. The problem can be solved quickly and cheaply. There is an agricultural technique used since the 17th century, known as "covering the soil". In the old days it was often used. Nowadays this technique is also used, only under a new name - "mulching the soil", from the English word "mulch", which means in translation - to cover.

More about soil mulching
Types of organic mulch. © Rick Wetherbee

Content:

  • Soil mulch types
  • Materials, used for organic mulching
  • Materials for inorganic mulching
  • Methods of mulching
  • Rules of mulching
  • Common mistakes in mulching

Types of soil mulching

There are 3 ways to cover soil from sizzling heat:

  • traditional mulching,
  • organic mulching,
  • inorganic mulching.

Traditional mulchingis used all the time. It is an ordinary loosening. It is also called dry irrigation. Loosening after watering or raining keeps the soil layer underneath moist and cool for a longer period of time, and in dry periods reduces moisture evaporation from the soil. Loosening destroys weeds and increases the flow of oxygen to the soil. But such mulching has, in addition to the positive side, also a negative side. Frequent loosening destroys soil structure and does not increase its fertility.

Organic mulching is a covering of the soil with organic materials remaining after certain agrotechnical activities.

Inorganic mulchingis the covering of soil with materials of rock or industrial production.

Materials used for organic mulching

The best covering material for soil under vegetable and garden crops is natural organic mulch. Organic mulch includes all wastes of agricultural production: straw, sawdust, grass clippings, peat, shredded tree bark, wood chips, chips, fallen leaves, humus, mature compost, needles, waste flax, sunflower, cereal crops, fallen cones. The mulch is cut siderata, hay, shredded eggshells, manure and other materials.

More about soil mulching
Application of chips for mulching

Beneficial properties of organic mulching

Organic mulch covers the soil from overheating (summer) and frost penetration (winter).

When mulch covers the rows in hot weather the soil temperature reduces, thus protecting it from excessive moisture evaporation and prevents the formation of post-irrigation crust.

If the soil around seedlings to cover a 5-7 cm layer of mulch, the weeds (especially annual) will decrease in several times. Perennial weeds sprouting through the mulch (quilts, yarrow, milkweed) can be cut at the seedling level, the main thing is to prevent their flowering and insemination. The garden with such care, of course, will lose its smartness, but will gain health.

In semi-cut weeds, tomato, pepper, eggplant bushes will quickly take root, gain the necessary organic mass and proceed to the formation of the crop, which will be sheltered from sunburn. There is a group of vicious weeds (field bindweed, wheatgrass), which quietly grow under the mulch canopy. But there are fewer of them and it is possible to pass with a hoe, having turned the mulch in between the rows.

In the summer mulch, gradually decomposing, will enrich the soil with nutrients and humus, which will attract useful soil microorganisms and worms. The soil will become friable and more breathable. Under the sagging mulch the washing out of the upper layer by rains and weathering by wind will be reduced.

The application of coniferous mulch can slightly increase the acidity for some crops (sorrel, chicory, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkins). You can slightly alkalize the soil with hay, sawdust of broad-leaved species for peppers, beets, onions, parsnips, celery, asparagus.

Recently, the use of fine mulch of sunflower husks and grain crops is more active.

In recent years, weather cataclysms are not uncommon for us: either hot weather with temperatures up to 40 ° C, or frosts in mid-spring. Under the hot sun, uncovered land heats up (as sand on the beach) to +50 ... +70 ° C. The heated soil and hot air in just a few days will burn everything that was carefully cultivated in greenhouses and planted in the garden. The problem can be solved quickly and cheaply. There is an agricultural technique used since the 17th century, known as "covering the soil". In the old days it was often used. Nowadays this technique is also used, only under a new name - "mulching the soil", from the English word "mulch", which means in translation - to cover.

More about soil mulching
Types of organic mulch. © Rick Wetherbee

Content:

  • Soil mulch types
  • Materials, used for organic mulching
  • Materials for inorganic mulching
  • Methods of mulching
  • Rules of mulching
  • Common mistakes in mulching

Types of soil mulching

There are 3 ways to cover soil from sizzling heat:

  • traditional mulching,
  • organic mulching,
  • inorganic mulching.

Traditional mulchingis used all the time. It is an ordinary loosening. It is also called dry irrigation. Loosening after watering or raining keeps the soil layer underneath moist and cool for a longer period of time, and in dry periods reduces moisture evaporation from the soil. Loosening destroys weeds and increases the flow of oxygen to the soil. But such mulching has, in addition to the positive side, also a negative side. Frequent loosening destroys soil structure and does not increase its fertility.

Organic mulching is a covering of the soil with organic materials remaining after certain agrotechnical activities.

Inorganic mulchingis the covering of soil with materials of rock or industrial production.

Materials used for organic mulching

The best covering material for soil under vegetable and garden crops is natural organic mulch. Organic mulch includes all wastes of agricultural production: straw, sawdust, grass clippings, peat, shredded tree bark, wood chips, chips, fallen leaves, humus, mature compost, needles, waste flax, sunflower, cereal crops, fallen cones. The mulch is cut siderata, hay, shredded eggshells, manure and other materials.

More about soil mulching
Application of chips for mulching

Beneficial properties of organic mulching

Organic mulch covers the soil from overheating (summer) and frost penetration (winter).

When mulch covers the rows in hot weather the soil temperature reduces, thus protecting it from excessive moisture evaporation and prevents the formation of post-irrigation crust.

If the soil around seedlings to cover a 5-7 cm layer of mulch, the weeds (especially annual) will decrease in several times. Perennial weeds sprouting through the mulch (quilts, yarrow, milkweed) can be cut at the seedling level, the main thing is to prevent their flowering and insemination. The garden with such care, of course, will lose its smartness, but will gain health.

In semi-cut weeds, tomato, pepper, eggplant bushes will quickly take root, gain the necessary organic mass and proceed to the formation of the crop, which will be sheltered from sunburn. There is a group of vicious weeds (field bindweed, wheatgrass), which quietly grow under the mulch canopy. But there are fewer of them and it is possible to pass with a hoe, having turned the mulch in between the rows.

In the summer mulch, gradually decomposing, will enrich the soil with nutrients and humus, which will attract useful soil microorganisms and worms. The soil will become friable and more breathable. Under the sagging mulch the washing out of the upper layer by rains and weathering by wind will be reduced.

The application of coniferous mulch can slightly increase the acidity for some crops (sorrel, chicory, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkins). You can slightly alkalize the soil with hay, sawdust of broad-leaved species for peppers, beets, onions, parsnips, celery, asparagus.

Recently, the use of fine mulch of sunflower husks and grain crops is more active.

In recent years, weather cataclysms are not uncommon for us: either hot weather with temperatures up to 40 ° C, or frosts in mid-spring. Under the hot sun, uncovered land heats up (as sand on the beach) to +50 ... +70 ° C. The heated soil and hot air in just a few days will burn everything that was carefully cultivated in greenhouses and planted in the garden. The problem can be solved quickly and cheaply. There is an agricultural technique used since the 17th century, known as "covering the soil". In the old days it was often used. Nowadays this technique is also used, only under a new name - "mulching the soil", from the English word "mulch", which means in translation - to cover.

More about soil mulching
Types of organic mulch. © Rick Wetherbee

Content:

  • Soil mulch types
  • Materials, used for organic mulching
  • Materials for inorganic mulching
  • Methods of mulching
  • Rules of mulching
  • Common mistakes in mulching

Types of soil mulching

There are 3 ways to cover soil from sizzling heat:

  • traditional mulching,
  • organic mulching,
  • inorganic mulching.

Traditional mulchingis used all the time. It is an ordinary loosening. It is also called dry irrigation. Loosening after watering or raining keeps the soil layer underneath moist and cool for a longer period of time, and in dry periods reduces moisture evaporation from the soil. Loosening destroys weeds and increases the flow of oxygen to the soil. But such mulching has, in addition to the positive side, also a negative side. Frequent loosening destroys soil structure and does not increase its fertility.

Organic mulching is a covering of the soil with organic materials remaining after certain agrotechnical activities.

Inorganic mulchingis the covering of soil with materials of rock or industrial production.

Materials used for organic mulching

The best covering material for soil under vegetable and garden crops is natural organic mulch. Organic mulch includes all wastes of agricultural production: straw, sawdust, grass clippings, peat, shredded tree bark, wood chips, chips, fallen leaves, humus, mature compost, needles, waste flax, sunflower, cereal crops, fallen cones. The mulch is cut siderata, hay, shredded eggshells, manure and other materials.

More about soil mulching
Application of chips for mulching

Beneficial properties of organic mulching

Organic mulch covers the soil from overheating (summer) and frost penetration (winter).

When mulch covers the rows in hot weather the soil temperature reduces, thus protecting it from excessive moisture evaporation and prevents the formation of post-irrigation crust.

If the soil around seedlings to cover a 5-7 cm layer of mulch, the weeds (especially annual) will decrease in several times. Perennial weeds sprouting through the mulch (quilts, yarrow, milkweed) can be cut at the seedling level, the main thing is to prevent their flowering and insemination. The garden with such care, of course, will lose its smartness, but will gain health.

In semi-cut weeds, tomato, pepper, eggplant bushes will quickly take root, gain the necessary organic mass and proceed to the formation of the crop, which will be sheltered from sunburn. There is a group of vicious weeds (field bindweed, wheatgrass), which quietly grow under the mulch canopy. But there are fewer of them and it is possible to pass with a hoe, having turned the mulch in between the rows.

In the summer mulch, gradually decomposing, will enrich the soil with nutrients and humus, which will attract useful soil microorganisms and worms. The soil will become friable and more breathable. Under the sagging mulch the washing out of the upper layer by rains and weathering by wind will be reduced.

The application of coniferous mulch can slightly increase the acidity for some crops (sorrel, chicory, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkins). You can slightly alkalize the soil with hay, sawdust of broad-leaved species for peppers, beets, onions, parsnips, celery, asparagus.

Recently, the use of fine mulch of sunflower husks and grain crops is more active.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Fields marked with * are required. *