Pernatals bring not only cheerful chirping, polyvocalism and pleasant animation to the garden. They are specially attracted to gardens to protect cultivated plants from insect pests, because, perhaps, one cannot find the best helpers in this business. For birds you can simply put up birdhouses and feeders, or you can include in the gardening planting of such plants, where they can find shelter and special dainties. And we are talking not only about dense shrubs or special trees, but also about perennials, which can attract useful birds no less than garden giants.
If a few decades ago nobody thought about garden animals, useful insects and birds in the context of garden landscaping strategy, today attracting natural helpers and our little brothers are considered one of the most important tasks. Fancy houses for insects, variations in the use of feeders, drinkers and shelters for birds and hedgehogs, additional measures to protect them when preparing the garden for winter are becoming the norm today. And landscaping that takes into account the diversity of fauna, attracting to the site honeydew, beneficial insects and much larger inhabitants, generates all new trends and trends in landscape design.
Introduction into the garden plants, especially attractive to useful birds, does not require overt effort or complicated planning. Just study the assortment of species that are most likely to attract the attention of birds and use them instead of other plants. About a complete replacement of all garden plants for "bird plants", of course, and it is not a question: only a few plants in the composition of the garden is enough to attract more birds to it, and you would have an opportunity to observe their behavior, enjoying the communion with nature. About shrubs, which are particularly fond of useful birds, almost everyone knows. But there are means and much smaller and easier to use, not less effective in solving the same problem of attracting birds to the garden. After all, many herbaceous plants and favorite perennials are not only beautiful, but also useful for both humans and creatures in the garden.
The choice of plants that can lure birds into the garden is quite large. Some, thanks to their lush bushes, can provide shelter for birds in a storm, while others can provide food. Using perennials which are particularly generous with their seeds can change the character of a flower bed and lure more feathered helpers into your garden. Such plants perform their useful function mainly in autumn and winter, allowing birds to eat the useful seeds in the season when food sources are scarce. But also in spring and summer, such plants lure birds in a completely different way - with the abundance of insects, which are usually found in flower beds with useful crops. Herbaceous perennials with chamomile-like or large inflorescences consisting of many small, fragrant flowers have always been considered particularly attractive to a variety of insects that birds can enjoy.
Most crops that can be used as bait for birds belong to the most popular garden perennials. They are attractive and have a lot of virtue stars, whose ability to produce a generous crop of seeds is just a nice bonus to their bright appearance.
From the largest garden perennials, sunflowers are without a doubt the favorites of feathered garden guests. If you want to please birds, you can also use annual decorative sunflowers. But it is better to save yourself the extra work and plant perennial species sunflowers (Helianthus) as baits for birds. Growing up to 2.5 m Helianthus giganteus (Helianthus giganteus), allowing selection of more compact varieties and forms Helianthus decapetalus (Helianthus decapetalus) and other species flower lushly and bear equally lush fruit. No competitor can compete with delicious sunflower seeds and if not to cover them with nets or cloths for seeds' collection, the useful birds will fully appreciate the feast prepared for them.
Attractive sources of sustenance are both spotted spotted sunflower (Eupatorium maculatum) and dubious sunflower (Eupatorium dubium). Powerful herbaceous perennials with straight stems and suprotrusively arranged whole lanceolate leaves amaze with their amazing height up to 2 m, large clumps, and soaring cloud of inflorescences. The pinnacles of the flowering plant look more like fluffy caps and reach up to 20 cm in diameter, creating a purplish-pink cloud over the plant in late summer. After a little over a month of flowering, the angular, tufted seeds ripen. The assortment is also good as a solitary group, as a solitaire, and in the background of flower beds.
A real garden giant Rudbeckia giant (Rudbeckia maxima) is inferior in its popularity to more brightly flowering varieties of perennial Rudbeckia, but it is unique in its architectural silhouette, ensemble structuring and ability to set accents. The blue-green waxy leaves and intense yellow baskets of inflorescences with original dark cones appear in late summer. And if you do not cut it back after flowering and let the seeds ripen, the plant will not only decorate your winter garden with very persistent shoots with prickly heads but will be a real treat for birds thanks to the abundance of seeds. Of the more compact rudbeckia species, rudbeckia fulgida (Rudbeckia fulgida) can be used as bird bait.
There is also another plant that gives a generous crop of seeds - Aster New England (today reclassified to Symphyotrichum Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, but the old name is still more popular). At up to 2 m in height, this powerful fall star can reach almost a meter in circumference. The lanceolate leaves do not sit too densely, the bushes often look sloppy, but the baskets of inflorescences up to 4 cm in diameter, collected in dense shields, are almost uncountable. Aspen-blooming Aster-isolinum with pink and purple tints is very nice either as a solitary plant or in various compositions and has no equal, even as perennial which attracts birds by abundance of seeds.