Composting allows you to use not only plant residues, but also all available waste materials to produce quality organic fertilizer. One of the strictest rules of the process of creating your own compost is considered a ban on the use of any parts of plants infested with pests and diseases. But every rule has its exceptions. And one of the more palatable possibilities is the use of fallen fruit trees in the compost pile.
It is not customary to use diseased vegetables or diseased plants from the vegetable garden or fruit garden in composting. In the case of strawberries, mildew and rust infested perennial herbs, it is true that these must be destroyed immediately and should in no case be added to organic matter in the compost pit. There are two opposing views on windfalls. Some gardeners are in a hurry to destroy them, others boldly put them in the compost. And the 'dangerous' second option is more rational.
Can I compost loose fruit?You don't have to fear the pests and spores in loose fruit which caused the fruit of your favourite fruit trees to drop prematurely if you compost them. Fallen fruits to prevent the spread of pests and diseases and to prevent worsening problems in the fruit orchard really should be collected as soon as possible from the soil under the trees. But do not hurry to throw it away, bury or incinerate it.
It is not bad enough that badly damaged fruits, immediately picked up from the soil, can be quite successfully used for making compote or other drinks (as in cooking, which involves temperature treatment). All other fruits, even the rotten and most wormy ones you don't even want to touch, feel free to collect and take to the compost heap.
The nutrients in the windfalls will speed up the ripening process of the compost and give a whole new quality of organic fertilizer. And all the minerals, vitamins and trace elements from the fruits will only strengthen the characteristics of your own handmade organic fertilizer, increase the activity of useful microorganisms and worms. But fungal spores, harmful bacteria and insect pests that caused the fruit to fall will not persist in the composting process at all.
Where the same rust spores thrive in elevated temperatures, apple pests simply burn out. As a result of the increased temperature, all sources of fall on the fruit trees are sure to die and no traces of them will remain.
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If you have doubts about whether pests will not multiply and do not harm your garden, then leave such compost to mature for 2 years - then surely all the "extra" in it will burn out. But correct composting at the right temperatures will ensure that neither the moths nor the scab will survive.
Just make sure that in addition to crop residues, grass and windfalls, the compost contains manure and soil and that the layers are stacked to the right thickness in the compost pit with respect to all necessary measures. And the use of microbial fertilizers will guarantee you the best results at all.
You can safely use such compost in which you put the fallen trees for all ornamental, crop and even fruit and berry plants (if you have concerns, limit the scope of application to the ornamental garden). And it will show its excellent quality both when put in the soil during planting and when mulching bedding circles.
What kind of fruitcake can you put in compost?
The question as to what kind of fruitcake can be used is ambiguous. Salvage of stone fruit is hard to use unless you compost it for several years: pips of plums, cherries, cherry trees simply do not have time to decompose. But apples and pears are ideal. So are dropped plants rotten berries of any kind.