As spring approaches, indoor plants are gradually coming out of dormancy and starting to grow. In February the day is getting noticeably longer and the sun is warming up in a very spring-like way. So how can you help your flowers wake up and prepare them for their growing season? What do you need to look out for and what steps can you take to ensure that your plants bloom, multiply and are happy? We will talk about what houseplants expect from us in spring in this article.
1. Spring light
Spring often comes suddenly and sharply - after cloudy snow days the bright sun suddenly looks out and starts scorching mercilessly. At this time it's important to ensure that indoor plants gradually wake up. If flowers stand on a sunny window sill they need shade, even if they are sun-loving plants.
On a clear day the sun's rays will warm not only the glass, but also the window sill, and if the radiators are working air temperature can rise significantly, which greatly complicates the lives of plants. If possible, it is better to put the flowers in a sufficiently bright place, but away from direct sunlight.
2. Pruning and rejuvenation
Many indoor plants continue to grow in winter. The lack of light during the winter has a bad effect on the appearance of some flowers - their shoots become elongated and the leaves pale or partially fall off. Spring is a good time to put such specimens in order.
Long shoots of many plants can and even need to be shortened, giving the bush or tree a regular shape. Lianas respond well to pruning. Scindapsus, singonium, hoya and many other shoots stretch out over the winter and give the plant an unkempt appearance. Shortening these shoots can help the flower to regrow and regain its previous splendor.
This does not only apply to lianas. Ficuses, bougainvilleas, pelargoniums, tridescans and many other flowering and deciduous indoor plants are all quite positive about pruning. The exceptions are plants in which flowering occurs on the overwintered shoots - such flowers solid pruning is contraindicated. You can only slightly tweak the shoots if necessary.
Many old plants may need rejuvenation procedures and these are also best done in the spring. For some, rejuvenation will consist of heavy pruning - these are usually mature plants that have overgrown and lost their shape. And such flowers as, for example, old Reo or chlorophytum cannot be rejuvenated by any pruning. You have to replace the old specimen with rooted offshoots. In spring the offspring take root very well and in a short time turn into beautiful well-groomed plants.
The best time to repot indoor flowers is March-April. Transplants are above all necessary for young plants because the root system will need more space and nutrients to grow. Therefore, young plants need a larger container and new fertile soil. Mature, well-wintered plants do not need annual replanting. Replanting them once every two or three years is sufficient.
Many indoor plants can't handle winter well - the dry warm air from the radiator and often cold windowsills do not do their job any better. Leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the plants themselves look depressed. Such specimens are transplanted in the first place.
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If there is suspicion of overflow, then, transplanting, clean the roots from the old soil and wash them in a weak solution of manganese solution, then plant them in a clean pot with fresh earth.
Do not transplant plants in flower, and many at this time still flowering. Nothing bad will happen if orchids, late-late dekabrist, hibiscus or bougainvillea are transplanted after flowering - in early summer.
In late February-early March, take tubers and bulbs out of cool storage facilities. Often by this time the first awakening buds already appear on the tubers. Such plants are planted in containers with soil, moistened and placed on a bright window.
Gloxinias, callas, cyclamen, house cilantro, some types of begonias, waking up in spring, will require some attention. A certain amount of soil moisture is required for the tubers to start growing, but overwatering is dangerous at this time, so watering should be treated responsibly. Watering and feeding
The emerging plants will need increased watering, but it is better to do it gradually. Water for any flowers should be soft, at room temperature. The same water can be sprayed on the plants, but only those that need it.
In March, usually begin nutrition of house plants. An exception to the rule are transplanted flowers. New soil contains everything necessary for nutrition, so after transplanting you can forget about feeding for a month.
When choosing fertilizer, it is important to pay attention to what flowers this or that preparation is designed for. Decorative-leafed and beautifully flowering plants need different compositions. Nitrogen promotes the rapid growth of shoots, and potassium and phosphorus - the formation of buds and lush flowering. Therefore, it is best to buy a special fertilizer for specific flowers and adhere to the recommendations in the instructions of the drug.
And their choice today is huge - and powders, and tablets, and liquid. And especially for those who are very busy, came up with the fertilizer sticks - put in the ground and forgot. In my experience, I would recommend liquid products, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers. This way the plants will get everything they need in an easily accessible form, and how much and what exactly the sticks will give is not known yet.
Propagation for keen florists is the most interesting stage in the cultivation of indoor plants. And this is also best done in spring, because this is the time when plants awaken and take root, take root, they are also best at this time.
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When rejuvenating pruning some plants you can prepare cuttings. For this purpose, the cut shoots are divided into parts so that each had at least 2-3 internodes. cuttings put in a solution of "Epin" or "Zircon" for 3-4 hours, then rinse with clean water and, after dipping into a powder "Kornevin" immersed in a prepared container with moist soil. The soil around the cuttings slightly pressed, carefully watered and, having covered the container with plastic wrap as a greenhouse, removed to a warm, bright place. Greenhouse air daily and watched to ensure that the soil always remains moist.
There are well rooted cuttings of Benjamin fig, hibiscus, bougainvillea, myrtle and other plants with woody shoots.
Wall vines, pelargonium, diffenbahia easily give roots in water. The main thing is not to pour a jar full of water, otherwise the emerging roots will suffocate without access to air. Cuttings should not be submerged in water more than 2-3 cm. At the same time, it is necessary to monitor the amount of water, which in a warm room quickly evaporates.
In spring transplanting, many adult plants can be divided and get young seedlings. Aglaonema, ferns, reo, asparagus, violets, bilbergia and many other plants propagate most easily this way.
Propagation by leaf, rooting part of a leaf, aerial grafts and sowing seeds - each plant has its own method of propagation, but for almost all the best time, of course, is spring.
What house plants are easy to grow from seeds, read in the article 13 house plants which are easy to grow from seeds at home.
Dear readers! The next stage in the life of house plants begins in spring and it is important to give them some attention at this time - this will save from serious problems in the future. Many flowers are coming out of dormancy at this time and the change of conditions must happen gradually. Everything as in nature - with each day a little more light, a little warmer. The same gradually increases the watering. Well, and transplanting for pot plants is a necessary and natural procedure.
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