Rutariums are considered a relatively new trend in floristry, combining the use of plants and classical arranging techniques. They were born out of a symbiosis of landscape design and the art of making florariums. A garden on a driftwood or roots is original, expressive, once looked upon as a purely garden object, then - as an attribute of Eastern interiors, but today it has become a fashionable way not just to use plants in the interior, but to create with them a whole art-object. © WoS
Rutaria - plants on roots, moved from the garden to the rooms
Rutaria - compositions, the basis for which are roots, stumps, branches of large wood, usually in the form of very decorative, picturesque snags. Initially, a rutarium called an area of the garden, decorated with decorative plants and roots of wood (even its name comes from the English "root" - "root").
This method of landscaping, most often used in the landscape styles of landscape design for decoration terraces and seating areas. But short-lived and purely decorative, garden rutariums are now also actively taking over floristry, changing the format - from landscape to room format. In the room format a rutarium is a composition of plants planted on a tree base, additionally decorated and turned into a living sculpture.
One of the main advantages of any rutarium is uniqueness. It is absolutely impossible to repeat compositions twice, to create completely identical rutariums. The explanation for this uniqueness is very simple: a rutarium is made only on the basis of natural tree fragments, and in nature two identical roots cannot be found. As well as identical plants, with which the roots are decorated.
Rare, unique and memorable, rutariums are living sculptures and true works of art, created on the symbiosis of landscape design, sculpture and floristics. And they should look like a dedication, an ode to nature and its beauty. Unusual and interesting, they seem to superimpose the art of decoration on the unique and unattainable perfection of nature.
Rutaria - one of those options for landscaping, in which the philosophy, the spiritual component is no less important than functionality. They do not play a purely practical role, but serve only for aesthetic pleasure and create a certain mood, pushing to reflections, embodying our attitudes. Filled with symbolism, the rutarium takes us back to our roots, to nature, symbolizes the awareness and knowledge of its origins, the importance of conservation of natural resources, love for nature in all its greatness.
Traditionally rutaria are used to decorate greenhouses, conservatories, living rooms and halls, large, spacious rooms, in which such a root garden plays the role of a striking decoration, similar to the effect on the interior sculpture. More often than not, the rutarium is chosen for oriental interior styles and in modern design with a bet on eco-materials.
How to make a rutarium with your own hands?
Roots and other wood are the base of a rutarium
The base of a rutarium are roots and other fragments of dry wood. Stumps, snags, beautiful fragments of roots are used one by one or in groups, taken from the same tree or representing different plant species. The preference even today is given to roots, because their bizarre curves, unusual texture already look unique.
The most popular basis for rutariums - bromeliads and various fragments of roots and branches, left after the death of trees, storms, hurricanes. In bromeliads fanciful shapes are combined with a compact size, and the presence of natural cavities helps to achieve a unique effect of decorative plants growing into the structure of the tree. But the same result can be achieved with more familiar trees.
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Selecting the basis for the rutarium, try to achieve the most interesting silhouette and complex image. In a rutarium, riddles, multi-levels, and irregularity are only welcome. The more expressive and interesting will be the created object, the better. But do not forget about the influence of shapes and lines on the interior: even the most beautiful rootaria must fit into your room and into the place you gave them.
Evaluate the influence of the rattorium's base, lines and location near and far: a real rattorium should create a sense of pushing boundaries, a new dimension, attract the eye, but not overwhelm the rest of the decoration. So consider everything: the height of the ceiling, the dominant lines, the style, and the shape of the furniture.
Fragments of wood in a rutarium are used after a special treatment. They can be bought in garden centers or construction stores, you can choose on your own in the forest, the park after the storm, in your garden. But do not forget the importance of treatment with antiseptics and disinfectants, which will get rid of insects that usually live under the bark. If you prepare the basis for the rutarium yourself, the selected wood will need:
- cleaning from soil, and if you wish - and bark;
- disinfection in the form of scalding, steam treatment or antiseptics;
- coating with special protective impregnations and insecticide;
- varnishing or other finishing materials (for emphasizing the texture often use oil and oil-wax).
If desired, any wood can be further toned, giving it a color or textural accent to better match the style of the interior. Such additional decoration is particularly popular for modern interiors. The treatment is carried out with agents for decorating wood - lacquers, oils, impregnations, varnishes.
The arrangement of the basis for the rattan does not end with choosing a very beautiful base: you should think about how to install and fix it. If in case of garden trellises you can not think about it, placing them on a suitable ground with paved or soft ground, in case of indoor trellises you have to think about every detail. The base of the roulade must be stable, it must stand firmly on the floor or on the table.
If you can achieve high stability without fixing, you can do without the separate base-tray. But more often the rutarium is fixed in a stable container or container, attached to a solid and heavy base. The roots and branches are filed and leveled so that they can stand securely and act as an unshakable base for the plants.
Routarias are often attached to a wooden box or a heavy clay tray or pot with glue or sealant, but if desired it can also be attached to the base with more secure fasteners. Selection of containers or trays allows the use of plants and at the base of a rutarium, and install it on stone islands or "puddles" of pebbles and aquarium soil. The presence of such a base also facilitates cleaning next to the rutarium.
If the roots are not enough natural cavities in which you can fix the plants, they specially hollowed out holes, imitating natural cavities. Think about the placement of the plants before making up the rootarium, because it can be a problem to saw or knock out the holes later.
Plants for rootariums
First, let us stipulate that plants for decoration of the rootarium themselves and plants that can be used as accompaniment are different categories. Indoor plants can be planted not only on the roots and stumps themselves, but also in the soil at the root of rutarium or in the container in which rutarium is installed.
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Such an accompaniment is selected from among the most effective plants, considering only two parameters - the possibility to grow at the level of light of the place, where rutarium will be installed, and drought resistance (moisture loving species require frequent watering, which leads to wood damage). Such an accompaniment can be:
- planted in a common container;
- placed in separate containers, filling the space between them with stone filling or pebbles and hiding, thus, that actually at the base of the rutarium is just a potted garden.
Decorating the snags themselves - a much more complicated question. The plants can be planted directly in the recesses in the roots or snags, but more often they are planted in separate containers: this way the basis of the rattail is not damaged, and the decoration requires minimal effort. The use of pots with auto irrigation or hydroponics method maximally simplifies the care.
For the rutarium plants are selected according to the principle of combination of modesty with effectivity. Decorativeness, natural beauty, a sense of authenticity in combination with roots and wood, braids and tree framing are very important. But not less than other characteristics:
- the ability of the shoots or leaves to hide the details of attachment and the container with the plant;
- compact rhizome, the ability to grow in small hollows;
- needleness in care, no requirements for strict growing conditions or environmental stability.
All plants that are used in the design of the rutarium, conditionally divided into two groups:
- Ampelent plants. They braid the base, perfectly flock, drape, hide, give a natural, almost wild look.
- Epiphytes. Cultures that can grow not only in a container with soil, but also fix themselves on a piece of bark, moss, settle in a hollow, are ideal for rutariums
The ampelous plants, indispensable in the design of rutariums, belong:
The epiphytes best suited for root gardens are:
- forest cacti - slumberberries and rhipsalis.
Small additions for a perfect look
Additional decor for rutaria is very important. The completeness of the composition, the integrity of the image is given with the help of stones, ceramics, other decor. Small pebbles or stones with natural texture are chosen for aesthetic reasons, they should go well with the wooden elements and plants, be perceived as natural details.
Ceramics and forged elements can be both purely decorative, but expressive additions to complete the look of the rutarium.
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