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Root Celery - 'The Cure For Ailments, Strength Boosting'.

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The ancient Greeks believed that celery was a moon plant that was the source of a drink that kindled love. The magic drink with celery juice was drunk by Tristan and Isolde, whose love is depicted in legends. Wild forms of celery grow on the Mediterranean coast. It was the basis for the Greeks to develop the first domesticated forms of this plant, which belonged to two groups - spicy-flavored and vegetable crops. It was brought to Russia during the reign of Catherine the Great and today there is not a household where at least one type of celery - leaf, petiole or root - is not grown in the garden.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Root celery. © Juris Epicurus

Content.

  • Description of celery
  • Chemical composition of celery
  • Therapeutic properties of celery
  • Growing root celery
  • Growing seedlings
    • Seeding of seedlings
    • Seeding of seedlings
    • Seeding of seedlings
    • Care of seedlings
  • Planting of celery seedlings in the open field
      Harvesting
  • Harvesting root crops for fresh greens
  • Root celery varieties

Description of celery

Celery is a biennial vegetable crop, which is used as a spicy-tasting spice for dietary and meat dishes or as an independent vegetable for the preparation of first courses, juices, drinks. As a food crop, celery has been used since the 17th century, before that time it mainly decorated flowerbeds and was considered an ornamental plant.

Celery belongs to the umbrella plant with a well-developed above-ground mass. Its leaves are large, shiny, bright green in color and have several unequal, pointed lobes. In the first year celery forms a rosette of leaves and a root crop (an underground storage organ), which is round or slightly flat with a porous or firm flesh. The second year it produces a flower stalk with umbrellas containing seeds with a specific flavor. Celery flowers in June - July, fruits in umbrellas ripen in August.

Chemical Composition of Celery

A strong aroma is given by essential oil that is contained in all plant organs. In the seeds its concentration is 5-6%. Roots and leaves of celery contain vitamins "C", group "B", "K", "E", "PP", carotene. Celery has more than 6 organic acids, including caffeic, sedative, oxalic, acetic and chlorogenic acids. Sedanolide, sedanic, chlorogenic and caffeic acids give celery strong antimicrobial properties. Of the macronutrients, potassium accounts for 430 mg/%, phosphorus and calcium for 77 and 72 mg/% respectively. Of the trace elements, the plant's organs include vital iron, manganese and zinc. Celery is rich in flavonoids and other substances.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Celery root. © hgtv

Celery medicinal properties

In ancient times they said - celery saves from ailments and adds strength. It is considered a strong natural aphrodisiac. It is commonly used for treating kidney diseases, urinary-genital system, gout, and as a cleanser of blood and skin diseases. Celery essential oils are a good anti-inflammatory agent for gastrointestinal diseases. At home, freshly chopped leaves or their mixture with sunflower oil are used for cuts, pustular wounds and ulcers.

Cultivation of root celery

General environmental requirements

Celery 1-2 and perennial summer crop. There are up to 20 species worldwide. Cultivated mainly 3 - leafy, petiole and tuber. Refers to the cold-resistant. In natural conditions occupies wet and swampy areas, so with home cultivation needs sufficient moisture supply. The crop needs open sunny places. The vegetation period of celery ranges from 190-210 days and is grown through seedlings. From seeds celery is grown in the southern regions, as a rule, early varieties.

Growing seedlings

Seed preparation

Seeds of celery are very small, soaked in essential oils, so germinate very slowly, quickly lose their germination. It is better to use fresh seeds for seedlings. To accelerate the germination of seeds soaked for half an hour in water heated to +50 ... +53 ° C, and then 2 days in warm water. Warm water is changed 5-6 times a day. Swollen and sprouted seeds are placed on a paper towel and dried until loose.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Seeding celery. © Max Coleman

Preparing the soil for seedlings

A soil mixture of mature biohumus and sand 1:1 is prepared for sowing seeds. It is possible to prepare a more complex mixture of peat, mulch and turf soil, taking each species respectively 6:2:1 part. The prepared mixture is poured into the boxes, flatten, moisten. Cut a furrow 0,5 cm through 7-10 cm

Sowing the seeds for seedlings

Sow the seeds are sown in the second decade of February. Sowing can be carried out 2 ways:

  • Sow in the furrows, pre-mixed with fine sand,
  • or through 2 cm make shallow holes with a match, put them on 2-3 seed.

Soaking mulch 0.5 cm layer of soil. Sowing is covered with a film, simulating a greenhouse. The box with seeding is placed in a warm place at +18 ... +22 °C. Soil mixture is constantly moistened with a shallow sprayer.

Care of seedlings

After 12-14 days appears friendly shoots. The boxes are transferred to a bright place and reduce the temperature to +16-17 ° C. Given the fragility and diminutiveness of seedlings in the first weeks it is not watered, but only sprinkled gently. You can take it to a glazed balcony or other bright place with a temperature of +8...+10 ° C. Not lower. With a large decrease in positive temperatures, the plants will form a flowering arrow and there will be no root crop.

In the phase of the formation of 2 developed leaves, the seedlings are pickled in separate pots or other containers. More often experienced gardeners do not spend picking, so as not to disturb the root system of seedlings.

With regard to prevention of diseases can sprinkle seedlings with a light pink solution of manganese, 1-2 times to feed kemira or ammonia. If the soil mixture was prepared correctly and sufficiently fertilized, the seedlings do not feed. Seedlings are planted permanently at the age of 55-60 days. The plant has 4-6 leaves and a formed root system.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Celery root. © dancingfishes

Planting celery seedlings in the open ground

Planting celery seedlings is carried out not earlier than the second decade of May. Good predecessors for celery are nightshades, cabbage, beets, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins. Early varieties can be planted second turn after radish, lettuce, chives and other early harvested crops.

Preparing the soil in the open ground

Root celery needs fertile, loose soil. It does not tolerate fresh organic fertilizers, so it is planted after predecessors that received manure or other organics. Light soils are recultivated in the fall on 25-30 cm heavy swamped - in the spring. Apply, if necessary, 0.5 bucket of humus or mature compost and 2/3 of the dose of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Accordingly, 20-40 g and 10-15 g per 1 sq. m. area. Deep loosening is carried out in early spring. Under the second preplanting loosening, the remaining part of mineral fertilizers - 10 g of phosphorus and 5 g of potassium per 1 sq. m. is added to the soil. Instead of the fall and spring application of mineral fertilizers, you can once under the preplant loosening to make 30-50 g / sq. m complex fertilizer - nitrofoska, azofoska, kemira, etc.

Scheme planting row or strip 2-3 row. Planted seedlings are planted every 25-30 cm, so that the bushes do not grow over each other. In a row planting leaves 50-60 cm row spacing. With ribbon planting, the row spacing is 30 cm in a ribbon and 25 cm in a row. When planting, the point of growth of the culture remains on the surface.

Care for root celery

Pouring

Pouring spend weekly. The soil must be constantly moist. Uneven watering causes cracking of the root crop, its ugly formation. With excessive watering on the upper part of the root crop, hidden in the soil, adventitious roots are formed. They should be cut off with a sharp knife before ditching so as not to damage the root crop itself. If this method is excluded, the root crop will be covered with roots and the flesh will be loose.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Root celery. © brookfordfarm

Feeding

  • The first feeding is done 2-3 weeks after planting seedlings under watering. Fertilizing can be nitrofoska, Kemira Lux, or other complex fertilizer - 15-20 grams / meter.
  • For healthy roots in the 2nd and 3rd additional fertilizer nitrogen is not applied or the dose does not exceed 5-10 g / sq.m. plantings. Potassium fertilizers are applied a higher amount - 25-30, and phosphorus 10-15 g/sq. m.

Protection against diseases and pests

To protect celery against diseases and pests only biological preparations can be used, the use of chemicals is excluded.

Celery is affected by white rot, bacterial rot, powdery mildew, leaf spot disease, scab and during storage of root crops sclerotinia. The main battle against diseases lies in the observance of all agrotechnical rules during vegetation and storage of root crops.

Preventive spraying with biofungicides Planriz, Trichodermin, Fitosporin, and in cold humid years, the use of biopreparation Fitodoktor will protect plants from the disease complex, especially when used in tank mixtures. Frequency of spraying and dilution rates are specified in the recommendations. These preparations are harmless to humans, animals and insects.

Among pests, celery is most often damaged by carrot fly, carrot leaf beetle, celery fly, aphids, whitefly. The most effective against the above pests are the following bioinsecticides: Bitoxybacillin, Verticillin, Gaupsin, Boverin, Fytoverm, Lepidocide and others. Their combined use with biofungicides in tank mixtures increases the effectiveness against pests and diseases.

It is possible to use solutions of plant-insecticides. But, care must be taken. Many plants are poisonous and kill not only pests. They are also poisonous to humans.

Harvesting and storage

Root celery is harvested in late fall. Plants are dug up and pulled out of the soil. Root crops are gently released from the attached soil, cut roots and leaves so as not to damage the root (it immediately begins to rot). Root crops are stored in damp sand in the cellars and vegetable pits. Under optimal conditions they can be stored for 4-8 months.

Root celery - 'the cure for ailments, strength boosting'.
Scented celery or celery (Apium graveolens). © Sandyfoot Farm

Burning out root crops for fresh greens

When preparing root crops for winter storage, some of them are used for burning out for fresh greens. Select tubers weighing up to 250 g. Leaves at the root crops are cut to 7 cm stump. After 30-40 days of baking, the green leaves can be cut for fresh use. During the winter-spring period, each root crop can be 3-4 times cut leaves.

For the bunting the root crops are planted tightly in containers with 12-16 cm borders. Soil around the root crops is compacted. Planting is systematically watered. The temperature during the day is +15 ... +19 ° C, and at night +10 ... +12 ° C. When bunting no fertilizer is carried out.

Root celery varieties

Root celery by maturity is divided into groups of early, medium and late varieties.

  • Early varieties for all regions: Apple, Root Gribovsky, Diamant, Kaskade, Prague Giant
  • Medium varieties for all regions: Silach, Albin, Giant, Yegor
  • Late varieties. When growing are not afraid of frosts: Anita, Maxim.

For the middle belt of Russia: Root Gribovsky, Golden feather, Anita, Yablochny.

For Siberian regions and the Urals: Yablochny, Gribovsky, Anita, Silach, Yegor, Yasaul, Russian size, Maxim.