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Pruning Fruit Trees After Winter

, Admin

The main tasks of pruning are crown formation, reduction of height and width of the crown to the optimal size, restoration of growth, improvement of light conditions, regulation of growth and fruiting, overcoming periodicity of fruiting, improvement of fruit quality. During pruning, conditions are created for the care of bedding circles, air circulation in the crown is improved, convenience for care and harvesting of fruits is provided, light conditions are improved.

Pruning fruit trees after winter
The tool used

There are several types of pruning: sanitary, economic, rejuvenating. Spring pruning is most often sanitary pruning. In this case dry branches broken by snowfall and freezing rain are removed, as well as branches damaged by diseases and pests.

Spring pruning allows the formation of a beautiful crown, stimulates the formation of high yield. Trees tolerate it easily, recovery occurs very quickly, wounds heal well. The main aim is crown formation, removal of branches that are broken and withered during the winter.

Winter pruning is especially necessary in the first four years after planting, when skeletal branches are laid down. The optimal time for spring pruning is from the beginning of winter to early spring. In the Non-Black Soil Zone, pruning can be done until the end of March. Start pruning as soon as severe frosts subside. Then the trees will not freeze and will not be severely damaged. This is usually the end of February or the middle of March.

The last date for pruning is the beginning of the sap movement. Spring pruning is much easier than summer and autumn pruning: less effort is required to cut or saw off branches, injuries, bark scoring, breaks occur less often, the branches to be removed are well visible, the ladder is convenient to install, and it stands more steadily in a snowdrift.

First during spring pruning dry and broken branches are removed, they are especially well visible in winter. It is not necessary to leave them until spring, this is an unnecessary load on the tree. After proceed to shorten the branches that may break. The next branches to be removed are those that are not growing properly. Branch that grow vertically (upwards), crossing branches, branches that grow at an acute angle and branches that grow into the inside of the crown are removed. Too long branches are shortened.

Damage of trees by winter frosts depends on many factors: winter hardiness of rootstock and scion, location of the tree (lowland, elevated), the degree of protection from cold winds by forest belts, buildings, other trees).

The gardener should determine the degree of damage after severe frosts to understand what measures should be taken. If up to 30% of flower buds are damaged, there is no threat to the yield, as the reduced number of flower buds and fruits will be compensated by their larger size.

Damage from 30 to 50% of flower buds slightly affects the yield, the negative effects can be adjusted by regulating the number of flowers during pruning in the phase of the emerging cone - pink bud.

When the crown is damaged above 50% -75%, strong restorative pruning to encourage growth of new shoots. If there is more than 75% damage, the fruit trees are uprooted.

Pruning fruit trees after winter
The Easy Step Grons
Pruning fruit trees after winter
The Easy Step Grons
Pruning fruit trees after winter
Contact Telescopic Grons

The tool used is important for proper pruning. It must be sharp, making an even cut without scoring the wood or bark. This is exactly the kind of tool that Grons tools are. They are made of high-carbon steel, strong, lightweight. Due to the high quality of the metal and its sharpening, with Grons secateurs and loppers you can easily remove branches up to 50 mm in diameter, both live and dry.