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Ornamental Crops Planting Calendar

, Admin

With the beginning of a new calendar year in the life of every gardener starts a long-awaited time of activity. Although the gardening season is still very far away, there is no need to get bored: the period of seedling production begins, which will take the whole second half of the winter and spring. It is responsible and enjoyable, and extremely interesting. After all, from tiny seeds with proper care and attention (and minimal costs) can grow healthy, strong seedlings of ornamental plants, which will be a real ornament of the garden. In the seedling season the main thing is not to forget about anything, because a lot of important little things affect the development of plants that fully depend on their owners.

Ornamental crops planting calendar
Flower seedlings. © The Garden of Eaden

Contents

Calendar of planting by month:

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June

Timing by plant:

What to plant for seedlings in January?

The first month of the year despite the short daylight hours is usually considered the start of the seedling season. Ornamental plants with the longest vegetation period should be sown as early as possible, so that they have time to flower in the usual terms.

Cultivars that are seeded in January:

Carnation Chabot

Sowing dates all January
Sowing depth 3 mm,
Soil standard neutral
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 16-18 degrees, 12-15 degrees
Springs from 10 days
Sprinkling two times (on the second and fourth pairs of leaves
Hardening begin early, As soon as warm weather sets in
Planting in soil early May
Distance at planting 20-30 cm
Complications susceptibility to disease, elongation, need for pruning

Read our detailed material: "Growing Chabot cloves from seed"

Begonias

Sowing dates early January and even December
Sowing depth surface or over snow
Soil unacidic standard, Sifted
Lighting Bright
Temperature as high as possible, warm watering
Spring 12-14 days
Picking three times (2-3 leaves, One month later and at the end of April)
Hardening 7-10 days
Potting in soil June
Distance at planting 15-20 cm
Complications brittle leaves, Need short daylight hours

Multiples whose seeds are laid for pre-stratification in January:

  • clematis;
  • gentian;
  • aquilegia;
  • perennial violets;
  • bells;
  • irises;
  • spring bulbs;
  • lavender;
  • delphinium;
  • primulas;
  • bath;
  • rootberry;
  • jeffersonia;
  • prolifers

This month is also worth sowing perennials, which prefer later sowing but need scarifying. It is better to sow in January and coleus, if you want to decorate your flowerbeds and squares with its bright leaves.

It is desirable to provide any seedlings with extra light in January. It is necessary to closely monitor the seedlings and at the slightest sign of lack of light immediately take action.

Care that seedlings will need in January:

  1. Daily airing of crops - removing the film or glass for a time.
  2. Very careful wetting: spray young seedlings gently, only when soil is drying, control that soil moisture is light but constant.
  3. Do not fertilize this month.
  4. Don't rush with picking: stick to the terms, but keep an eye on the plants themselves, let them get stronger and adapt.

Other chores that are important not to forget:

  1. Continue to prepare substrate for sowing seeds and picking seedlings.
  2. Disinfect the soil - fire it, pour boiling water - in advance.
  3. Take time to prepare seedling containers.
  4. Keep the places where you put out containers with seedlings clean.
  5. Regularize your seeding tools and equipment to make it easier to work.

What to plant for seedlings in February

In February, active seedling planting kicks off. And while most of the summer plants are still waiting for an increase in daylight hours, this month you should remember to sow some of the top favorites among the beautifully flowering crops. Quality preparation in February ensures that your workload will decrease in March.

Cultures that are seeded in February:

Lobelia

Sowing dates all February
Sowing depth surface, mixed with sand
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 22- 25 degrees
Spring from 10 days
Picking twice
Hardening for two weeks
Sowing in the soil the third decade of May to first decade of June
Distance at planting 15 cm
Challenges slow growth of seedlings

Read our detailed material: "Growing lobelia from seed"

Petunia

Sowing dates February
Sowing depth surface, mixed with sand
Soil light sieved
Lighting preferably afterlight
Temperature 20-23 degrees
Sprouts from 5 - 7 days
Sprouting after the second leaf is released
Hardening welcome from April until planting
Planting in soil Second half of May
Spacing at planting from 15 for multifloral to 30 for ampelic
Challenges subject to "blackleg", miniature seedlings

Read our detailed material: "On growing petunia seedlings in detail."

Fuchsia

Sowing dates early February
Sowing depth 1 cm, piece by piece
Soil Standard
Lighting Bright, If possible with supplemental light
Temperature 24-25 degrees
Spring 10- 15 days
Picking do not
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in soil end of May
Distance at planting 25- 30 cm (in balcony containers - twice as thick)
Complications needs shaping

Pelargonium

Sowing dates all of February
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil peat or peat with sand
Lighting Bright
Temperature standard room
Sprouts in 2 3 weeks
Picking at 2-3 leaf stage
Hardening wishly from April until planting
Potting in soil May
Distance at planting 10- 25 cm
Trouble does not occur

Balsamine

Sowing dates all February
Sowing depth 3 mm (covered with Hardened sand)
Soil Standard
Lighting Standard bright
Temperature 23 degrees
Sprouts To 3 4 weeks
Sprouting After second set of leaves in individual pots
Hardening From the end of April
Sowing in soil The third decade of May - first decade of June
Distance at planting 25- 30 cm
Complications moisture-loving and prone to fungal diseases

Heliotrope

Sowing dates all February
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil Standard
Lighting Bright standard
Temperature 22-23 degrees
Sprouts 3-4 weeks
Ticking in the 5- 6 leaf
Hardening week before planting
Potting in soil Late May-June
Potting distance 15- 20 cm
Challenges homogeneous bushes and shallow flowering (compared to cuttings)

Sage sage shiny

Sowing time all of February
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil Universal
Lighting standard bright
Temperature standard room
Sowing 10- 15 days
Picking twice (2-3 and 5-6 leaves)
Hardening the longer, the better
Potting in soil early June
Distance at planting 20-25 cm
Complications weak seedlings in absence of second picking

In February, lavender and other perennials can be sown for seedlings In February you can sow lavender and other perennials with seeds that have finished stratification or do not need it.

Sowing "January" plants such as Chabot carnations, coleus, and flowering begonias can continue throughout the month.

Sowing in February is desirable for any seedlings. The still insufficient amount of natural light should preferably be compensated for by installing additional lamps, extending the daylight hours or increasing the light intensity. It is necessary to continue to observe the seedlings and adjust lighting at signs of elongation.

Care that will be needed for seedlings sown in January:

  1. Daily airing of containers with sown seeds.
  2. Careful adaptation of seedlings to non-thermal conditions or temperature changes (it is better to stretch the process of removing glass or film for a few days).
  3. Sprinkling substrate to the elongated seedlings (along with dosvetki helps to avoid many problems).
  4. Accurate moisture by spraying for seedlings. For strong January seedlings that have been pickled, you can switch to gentle drip or classical watering.
  5. Apply the first fertilizer to pickled seedlings no sooner than one week after the picking procedure.
  6. Pinch the shoots to thicken the summerlings after the 5-6 leaf emergence.

Other chores that are important not to forget:

  1. Care for timely replenishment of substrate and its pretreatment.
  2. Continue to prepare containers and equipment for picking.
  3. Prepare a place to display seedlings after picking, think about their placement and methods of rational use of window sills.
  4. Take time in your sowing diary, do not be lazy to write down the information, because in the hurry of spring it is easy to forget something important.
  5. Prepare in advance labels, tags or other means for designating the variety and species of plants, so as not to lose sight of anything in the following months and not to waste precious time later.
Ornamental crops planting calendar
Sprouts of annual and perennial flowers. © Anya

What to plant seedlings in March

The first calendar month of spring is certainly the main month for sowing almost all ornamental plants. There is so much to do in March that it is easy to forget about the little things. Active sowing should not distract from the care of seedlings and the constant monitoring of their condition.

Crops that are sown for seedlings in March with seed pretreatment:

Crop

Seed treatment soaking for 1 day
Sowing dates all March
Sowing depth at 1-6 cm, immediately into large pots
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature from 12 degrees, Standard room
Spring from 8- 14 days
Picking transfer to larger pots
Hardening for two weeks
Sowing in soil third decade of May - first decade of June
Distance at planting 1 - 3 m
Complications Prompted to "sulfur foot", need to remove peel from cotyledon leaves, Very fast growth

Georgina

Seed treatment soaking for 10 minutes in a solution of aloe juice, fungicide or manganese solution
Sowing time all March
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room, For germination preferably above 25 degrees
Spring from 5 days
Pliking in 1.5-2 weeks, Hopefully in peat pots or pills
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in the soil early June
Distance at planting from 30 cm
Challenges susceptible to disease

Crops, which are sown this month without seed treatment:

Violets

Sowing dates first decade or all of March
Sowing depth 3- 6 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 22- 25 degrees
Spring from 2 weeks
Picking after second leaf
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in soil in May
Potting distance 15- 20 cm
Complications no, resistant plants, you can grow seedlings even at 10 degrees; plants tolerate transplanting well even flowering

Flox Drummond

Sowing dates all March
Sowing depth 1- 2 mm
Soil lightly sieved
Lighting germination in shade, After sprouts, bright
Temperature 18-21 degrees after sowing and cool (about 15 degrees) for sprouts
Sprouts about 1 week
Picking in 2 3 weeks after sprouts
Hardening from the end of April
Potting in soil May
Distance at planting 12-25 cm
Complications Liable to "black leg", Must be pruned after 4-5 leaves

Ecorative cabbage

Sowing time Second half of March
Sowing depth 1 cm, In small pots or cells of 2 seeds
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 18-20 degrees, Then preferably lowered to 12-16 degrees
Spring from 2 days
Picking after appearance of 5 6 leaves
Hardening for 2 weeks
Sowing in soil at the end of April and May
Distance at planting 50-60 cm
Complications Sprone to blackleg (watering before and after planting, But then only when significantly dry)

Aster

Sowing dates from the middle of March
Sowing depth 0, 5 cm
Soil standard nutritious
Lighting desirable afterlight
Temperature 18-20 degrees,
Spring from 8- 15 days
Sprouting After the formation of the first couple of true leaves
Hardening wishfully from April until planting
Powing in soil third decade of May or early June
Distance at soil garden From 10 cm for low, to 40 cm for tall varieties
Complications Prevent "black leg", Does not tolerate deepening of growth point

Verbena

Sowing dates all March
Sowing depth surface, on sand
Soil sandy
Lighting bright standard
Temperature of 20 degrees, Likes lower heating
Spring from 5-7 days
Poking after second leaf
Hardening wish from April and before planting
Potting in soil the second half of May, June
Seeding distance 20-35 cm
Complications needs stable moisture

Ageratum

Sowing date end of March
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room
Sprouts 14 days
Piking two times, 1 week and 3 weeks after seedlings
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in soil June
Distance at planting 15-20 cm
Complications Dispersion in coloring, Sensitivity to dampness and air stagnation

Lobularia

Sowing dates all March
Sowing depth 3-5 mm, rarely
Soil universal
Lighting bright
Temperature cool or room temperature
Sprouts 4-10 days
Picking at 2 leaf stage, No seeding
Hardening May
Sowing in soil 15-20 cm
Distance at planting from 15 cm for multiflower, Up to 30 cm for ampelic
Challenges vulnerability to powdery mildew in dense plantings

Celosia

Sowing time end of March
Sowing depth 5- 7 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature rooms
Sprouts from 12 days
Picking twice, first into crates, Then in individual containers
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in soil Late May-early June
Distance at planting 15- 20 cm
Challenges sensitivity to overwatering

Blue tobacco

Sowing dates all March
Sowing depth overhead, without covering
Soil standard
Lighting bright
Temperature standard room
Spring 10- 12 days
Picking two times (second leaf and after 2 weeks)
Hardening 1 week
Sowing in soil May
Distancing at planting 20- 30 cm
Complications no, Resistant plants

Also in March, seedlings are planted with lion's wings, leucoy, coleus, cobea, grass cloves, wenidium, alyssum, azarina, brachicoma, cleoma, penstemon.

Plants that can continue to be sown in March:

  • lobelia (first decade);
  • petunia (first and second decade);
  • pelargonium;
  • other summer plants from February sowing that want to postpone flowering to a later date.

Multiple crops that prefer the March sowing: Iberis, Nivianthus, Echinacea and all the plants whose period of stratification ends in March.

In the southern regions in April you can start planting annuals and perennials in the soil, except for the most heat-loving species.

Dusk in March is desirable, but not required. If the weather is not replete with sunny days, and the seedlings are showing signs of insufficient light, it is better to start additional lighting of plants in time. Particular attention to this issue is desirable to pay at the beginning of the month.

Care that will need seedlings sown in January:

  1. Daily airing of seedlings under glass or film.
  2. Careful watering with control of soil moisture. If you accidentally allowed an overflow, do not hesitate and immediately take measures to sand the substrate, reducing soil moisture.
  3. Feeding to strengthen seedlings and stimulate growth (carried out only after the full adaptation of seedlings).
  4. Pincching and other shaping methods for bushy plants.
  5. Supplement the soil when seedlings are pulled out or show signs of compaction.

Other chores that are important not to forget:

  1. Continue preparing substrate and containers at your leisure.
  2. Don't forget to organize information and carefully note procedures done.
  3. Prepare a place on the balcony or where you plan to take the seedlings on warm days for pricking.
  4. Start preparing containers and means of transporting seedlings to the plot, think about what and how you will transport them.
Ornamental crops planting calendar
Sprouts of velvetvet grass. © pegplant

What to plant in sprouts in April

April is considered the month of active care of ornamental plants and the start of hardening, but also about sowing should not be forgotten. It is in April that the seeds of plants with a short growing season and crops designed for the second half of the season are sown.

Crops that are seeded in April with seed pretreatment:

Zinnia

Seed treatment soaking until nucleation (in a damp cloth)
Sowing dates first half of April
Sowing depth 1 cm, Immediately into peat pots or individual cells
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 22- 24 degrees
Spring from 2-3 days soaking
Picking do not, When seedlings are pulled out, they are deepened
Hardening in late May, at least 10 days
To plant in soil first half of June
Distance at planting 30-35 cm
Complications do not like transplant, Easily injured adventitious roots

Barchanthes

Treatment of seeds love pre-germination on damp cloth
Sowing dates early April
Sowing depth 0, 5-1 cm, not dense
Soil standard, drainage is laid on the bottom of containers
Lighting standard bright,
Temperature 22-25 degrees before sprouts and 18-22 degrees for seedlings
Sprouts from 3-7 days
Kicking only thickened seedlings, Hardening 10 days before planting
Sprouting in soil Late May - early June, with a few centimeters
Distance at planting from 20 to 40 cm
Complications when overgrown suffers from blackleg

Vassilistnik

Seeding requires stratification for 1 month
Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room
Sprouts from 7 days
Sprouting when second pair of leaves appears
Hardening one week before planting
Sprouting in soil June
Distance at planting 40 cm
Complications blooms in second year

Hippo

Treatment Seeds soaking for 1 knock with needle prick of not swollen seeds
Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 18 degrees
Sprouts 6-14 days
Picking twice, with full preservation of the ground ball, in large pots
Hardening a week before planting
To plant in soil end of May-June
Distance at planting 15-20 cm
Troubles need to set a support, Does not tolerate transplanting well

Read our detailed material: "Growing Mistletoe from Seeds"

Cultivars that are sown for seedlings in April without seed pretreatment:

Kohia

Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth surface, slightly pressing
Soil nutritive standard
Lighting maximal bright, but diffuse
Temperature 18-23 degrees
Spring from 7 days
Picking after growing to 5- 7 cm
Hardening a week before planting
Potting in soil May, When cochiums grow to 15-20 cm
Distance at planting 35-40 cm
Complications needs stable moisture, easily pulled out, Afraid of root injury

Helichrysum

Sowing dates first half of April
Sowing depth 3-5 mm, immediately in pots
Soil light sifted
Lighting bright
Temperature room
Spring from 5 days
Picking do not
Hardening one week before planting
Harvest Planting distance Late May-June
Springing distance 25- 30 cm
Complications Fear of root injury

Scabiosa

Sowing dates early April
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature 16- 18 degrees
Spring 8 to 25 days in different species
Picking after the second pair of leaves
Hardening for two weeks
Potting in soil early June
Distance at planting 25- 30 cm
Complications slow growth of seedlings

Xeranthemum

Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth 3-5 mm
Soil standard, Peat pills
Lighting bright diffused
Temperature medium room
Springs from 7 days
Pliking when third leaf appears, 3 pieces in medium sized pots
Hardening 2 weeks before planting
Potting in soil Late May or early June
Distance At planting 25 cm
Challenges very afraid of transplants

Waterpot

Sowing time early April
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room
Spring 10- 15 days
Sprouting at second leaf pair stage
Hardening 10- 14 days
Potting in soil in early June
Distance at planting 30-50 cm
Complications no, hardy and easy plant

Amaranth

Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth to 1 cm
Soil universal, can be sown in greenhouse
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room, Not below 15 degrees
Spring 4-5 days
Picking after second leaf appears in peat pots or double
Hardening a week before planting
Potting in soil late May- June
Spacing at planting 35- 50 cm
Complications Fear of root injury

Helipterum

Sowing date Second half of April
Sowing depth 3- 5 mm
Soil standard, Sown in large boxes
Sowing light standard bright
Temperature room
Sprouts from 5 days
Pudding After 1- 2 leaves in peat pots
Hardening from 1 week
Potting in soil third decade of May
Distance at planting 15 cm
Hards losely tolerates transplanting and root injury

Hodecia

Sowing dates all April
Sowing depth 3- 7 mm
Soil light sieved
Lighting standard bright
Temperature room Or in greenhouse
Sprouts 2 weeks
Picking after the second pair of leaves appears in pots of 3- 4 plants
Hardening one week before planting
Potting in soil Second half of May - June
Distance at planting 15- 20 cm
Complications very afraid of transplants

Plants, Which can continue to be sown in April:

  • Aster (first decade);
  • Dahlias (beginning of the month);
  • Alterals whose blooms one wants to delay into the second half of the season.

April seedlings of ornamental plants, as a rule, do not need extra light. The exception is extremely unfavorable cloudy weather, which can affect young sprouts. For them, it is better to arrange extra light when they are pulled.

Care that will be needed for seedlings in April:

  1. Daily removal of the film or glass from the crops.
  2. Start active watering for growing seedlings (but still need to control the moisture of the soil and be guided by the rate of its drying). Careful moistening of young seedlings continues this month.
  3. Feeding for seedlings that have sprouted and weakened.
  4. Attemptive ventilation of rooms and increased access to fresh air for seedlings.
  5. First hardening procedures, taking the seedlings of the first seeded plants out into the fresh air on warm days (start with a few hours and then leave the plants for longer and longer periods until nighttime temperatures allow the plants to stay outdoors all the time).
  6. Remain formation for plants with bushy growth forms and lots of shoots.

Other chores that are important not to forget:

  1. Keep the seedling areas clean.
  2. Make sure there is enough soil and containers to unseed all plants.
  3. Organize convenient ways to carry seedlings outdoors, think about moving and placing them.
  4. Watch the weather forecast and temperature readings so you don't miss the opportunity to start hardening early.
Ornamental crops planting calendar
Dahlia seedlings

What to plant for seedlings in May

May is the month when most plants go through the hardening procedure and finally get their place in the garden. However, active planting for most plants is possible only in the second half of May. Much of the work in this month depends on the weather and its vagaries. Individual approach - the best guarantee that you will not lose seedlings as a result of carelessness.

Cultivars that are planted in open soil in May in the midlands:

  • Carnation Chabot, leucoy, cineraria, sweet peas, all kinds of violets, and other summer plants that are cold-resistant crops;
  • planting herbaceous perennials, cereals and other perennials;
  • planting spice herbs and groundcovers;
  • plants for potted gardens, containers, ampelas.

Cultivars, which are planted in open ground in May in the southern regions:

  • all decorative annuals;
  • all decorative perennials.

Care that seedlings will need in May:

  1. Cut watering, do not fertilize to prepare plants for planting (but do not deviate from individual plant recommendations).
  2. Start or continue hardening the seedlings by taking them outdoors, and if the weather is warm, even leaving them there overnight about 10-12 days before planting in the soil. In the third decade of the month, start hardening seedlings of heat-loving ornamental plants that you plan to plant in June. They should be outdoors by this time. Watch for return frosts and bring plants indoors on cooler nights.
  3. Secure shade and stable soil moisture for planted ornamental plants.

Since most plant seedlings must be transported to the site this month, don't ignore the organizational hassle and think about transporting and carrying in advance. Make sure you have enough pallets and crates for transportation, research how many plants you can transport at one time, and make a schedule. The better prepared you are, the easier it will be to cope with any problems.

Don't forget that the planting sites need to be prepared in advance. Improve the soil in time, apply organic and mineral fertilizers, take care of the preparation of drainage materials. Store the tools and utensils so that at a convenient moment you will not waste extra effort and time looking for them.

Ornamental crops planting calendar
Asteria seedlings. © Crazy Gardner

What to plant in a seedling in June

The seedlings in June begin to sow biennials (on seedbeds and in greenhouses). But the main front of works in the first month of summer is connected with the carrying of the most heat-loving plants into the garden.

Cultures, which are planted in the open ground in June:

  • the most heat-loving summer plants;
  • plants with luxuriant flowering for quick decoration of the site. After the transfer to a permanent place for adaptation of the plant, additional watering and monitoring of soil moisture are necessary. The most sensitive and capricious crops may need short-term shading. Don't start fertilizing right away, even with lushly flowering annuals: allow the plants to adapt and use the soil's resources. Don't forget to timely install supports and tie up plants that need it.