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How To Grow Torinia From Seed?

, Admin

The beautiful torinia is nowadays better known as a houseplant. But if many people only look at it indoors, then as an ornament of balconies torrenia has long earned the title of a luxurious and exclusive accent. Extraordinarily beautiful flowering with bright transitions of colors and no less bright greenery of the torennia are combined with its rather capricious nature. True, the older this annual becomes, the less it requires careful care. And it is very easy to grow seedlings yourself.

How to grow torinia from seed?
Torenia (Torenia). © seven-summer

Description of torenia

Torenia is one of the brightest and most special beautiful flowering annuals. At the maximum height of 30 cm the plant forms lush and very beautiful bushes of ramified creeping shoots and alternately arranged beautiful simple leaves with a solid edge, with their prominent veins, pointed tip and very bright color. Graceful asymmetric velvet bells with cone-shaped corolla and bright spot on the lower lip are scattered on the bush like small watercolor treasures. The combination of colors - white, yellow, blue, mauve, pink, dark purple, purple - seems even more mottled by the texture. The torinia blooms all summer long. After flowering, oblong multiseed fruit bolls are set.

From the 50 species of toreniums, which are all plants of interest without exception, less than a dozen plants are used in landscape design. The most popular "Fournier's torennias" (dark purple, rigidly hairy and yellow) differ in their decorative details, but they all have quite the same requirements for care and cultivation. All annual garden torennias are cultivated mainly from seeds and only by seedling method. For torenia, you need to carefully study the information about the manufacturer and the features of the variety, the timing of sowing. It is better to choose proven companies and garden centers, in the good quality of the seeds of which you are convinced.

Should be alert and too low price, and the lack of information: poor-quality seeds of torenia are found quite often, surprising extremely low germination. But seeds from reliable producers can be bought for 2-3 years without losing their germinating capacity (about 98% under optimal storage conditions).

Self-gathering of torenia seeds, especially from potted and indoor plants, enables to get a large number of seeds even from one plant. But since flowering must be sacrificed to ripen the fruit, and almost all varieties are of hybrid origin, it is difficult to preserve their characteristics and achieve the desired with such propagation. Therefore, more often this plant is grown from purchased seeds.

How to grow torinia from seed?
Sowing torenia in seedlings. © gardeneverything

Soil and containers for sowing

Torenia is sown in shallow large containers or pots with good drainage holes.

Substrate for this lettuce can be used universal for growing seedlings. A simple mixture of garden or universal soil for houseplants with vermiculite or sand will do. For picking you can use special soil mixes for geraniums (pelargoniums). If possible, you can add hydrogel to the soil to stabilize moisture and protect it from drying out. Before sowing, it is desirable to disinfect or ignite soil.

Sowing torenia seeds

Sowing torenia seedlings are carried out in standard terms - in late February or in the first half of March.

Torenia seeded by standard method:

  1. Containers filled with soil and slightly flatten it, taking care not to tamp.
  2. The surface of the soil is carefully moistened.
  3. The seeds of torenya are spread thinly over the surface and covered with a thin layer of sifted soil or sand.
  4. The seeds are repeatedly moistened.
  5. The containers are covered with film or glass and put in comfortable conditions.

Conditions for seed germination

Temperatures and light intensity are both important for growing seedlings. The optimum temperature for germinating torenia is about 23 degrees. If it is cloudy or there is no possibility to place the plant on a bright southern window sill, it is better to arrange additional light. For the plants keep the soil moist and stable, without drying out the soil. The first sprouts of the plant may appear after 5 days, but mass sprouts usually appear approximately 2 weeks after sowing. © gardeneverything

Growing plants

Tornia sprouts develop quite quickly, overtaking all competing summerlings, a very short period usually passes before picking. Young sprouts protect from soil drying out and overwatering by accurate watering by spraying as the soil dries up.

Lighting and temperature for the sprouts of this lettuce leave the same, but if there is an opportunity to lower the temperature to 18 degrees, you can provide a little cooler content. It is better to remove the glass or film from the containers as soon as possible, as soon as the first sprouts appear.

Picking seedlings and care for young torenia

The plantlets of torenia are piked as soon as two true leaves are formed. The earlier the transplanting is carried out in individual containers, the better. Small pots with a diameter of about 10 cm are usually used for torenia. The plant is pickled one at a time, rarely in pairs.

Care for the toronias after sprouting is not different from that of the seedlings, but the plant is transferred to normal watering and kept in the cool, at a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees. A compulsory measure - pruning the shoots, which allows you to form very dense bushes. Overwatering and drying of the substrate for seedlings is equally dangerous.

10 days after picking, you can begin to carry out the standard fertilization for plantings that plan to grow in a potted culture. For ground plants, feeding is not necessary.

Hardening seedlings

Torenia are very sensitive to overcooling. This is the reason to start hardening seedlings as early as possible, but without allowing the temperature to drop below 15 degrees, just by taking the plant out into the fresh air on warm days.

How to grow torinia from seed?
Torenia bush planted in the open ground. © kitchen flavours

Torenia planting

Torenias cannot be moved into the garden in advance. Even potted plants can only be put out on recreation grounds, balconies and terraces when there is no longer any danger of frost. Torenias are extremely sensitive to hypothermia and can die from any strong night frosts. Most often this plant is therefore put out into the garden and transplanted only in June. Choosing a location for a beautiful flowering plant in the garden or on a terrace, balcony or sitting area, it is worth paying very close attention to lighting conditions. Toreniya - flowering - light-loving, but under direct sunlight in the summer, they lose their leaves. Therefore it is better to plant bushes in the garden in the penumbra. Several other conditions are important for planting of torenia:

  • protection from precipitation and winds (and if possible - even from a weak draught);
  • fertile soil with good water permeability. In pots and container compositions the planting of tornia is denser, but still keeping a minimum distance of 10 cm between seedlings.

    After transplanting the seedlings immediately provide regular care. Without systematic watering it is impossible to grow torenia, so both when planting in pots, and when planting in soil, this summerhouse is watered so that the soil was stably moist. Stagnant water and dampness should be avoided. If possible, in hot weather, you should also introduce spraying into the care, which will help maintain the attractiveness of the greenery. It can be done in the evening or very early in the morning.

    Feed all torenia in the same way: every two weeks with complex mineral mixtures. Apart from that, the plant needs shaping: Cut flower stalks that are fading as soon as possible and prune elongated shoots to keep the bushes compact. © Sarah

    How to grow torinia from seed?
    Rooting cuttings in water. © Sarah
    How to grow torinia from seed?
    Spines on cuttings of the torenia. © Sarah

    Alternative methods of propagating torenias

    When torenias are kept as houseplants or transferred to rooms in early fall in time, you can keep mother bushes until spring and then cut apex cuttings from young shoots and root them in light substrate under a hood.