My garden, my pride!

How To Grow Physalis - Ornamental And Not Only

, Admin

The bright orange lanterns of the physalis are familiar to everyone. But this plant itself deserves attention. Physalis is very effective, its bushes can become a bright touch in the design of flower beds, and fruit or vegetable physalis will add variety to the vegetable menu. Berry and vegetable physalis and its many varieties with different aromas and flavors are canned and eaten fresh. It is also very beautiful, but unlike ornamental, it is quite edible. All Physalis are easy to grow - you just need to take care of them in the right conditions and at least give them a minimum of care. © michael

Lighting, comfortable for physalis

Phizalis are well adapted to difficult, variable growing conditions. They can bear fruit in semi-shade, light unstable shade, and in bright sun. But it is in sunny, open areas that phyzalis flower and bear fruit most actively, and form the most beautiful bushes. Drives and even winds are not afraid of physalis.

Soil for physalis

When selecting the soil, pay the main attention to its acidity. In even slightly acidic soils neither ornamental nor fruit physalis can grow, so before planting, make sure that the soil is lime or neutral. Also categorically avoid places with stagnant water, high groundwater table, swampy and compacted areas.

To succeed in growing this plant choose loose, drained, quality soil with high levels of nutrients.

How to grow physalis - ornamental and not only
Fisalis. © Kerstin Jarnling

Physalis planting

Before planting any phyzalis, care must be taken to improve the soil. It should be digged twice to a depth of at least 40 cm. After the first digging, apply organic and mineral fertilizers to the soil, repeat the digging or aerate the soil with a pitchfork.

Fisalis is very important to leave enough space for growth. This plant is placed at a distance of about 50 cm from the other crops. Planting is done in individual holes, watering the plants immediately after planting. It is best to finish planting by mulching the soil.

Fisalis rejuvenation

Fisalis needs quite frequent rejuvenation. Bushes grow quickly and often sprawl into neighboring plantings, so they should be rejuvenated by splitting and transferring to a new location at regular intervals of 5-7 years.

How to grow physalis - ornamental and not only
Fisalis. © photographer695

Pisalis watering

The ornamental phisalis is quite drought-resistant and needs watering only during a very long drought. But the vegetable one will need much more intensive care. It is desirable to ensure regular, systematic watering in beds. On hot, sunny days with no natural rainfall, watering is traditionally done every other day, in cloudy weather and with normal rainfall - once a week.

Please also read this. Gardening Calendar for March

Feeding for decorative and vegetable physalis

No matter what purpose you grow physalis, plants will respond with gratitude to maintaining a high nutrient content of soil. The optimal strategy is to fertilize twice a year:

  • The first fertilizer is applied in the initial stage of development, during active growth, using humus, compost or wood ashes, or complex mineral fertilizer (40-50 g nitrophoska or p 10-20 g superphosphate, potassium salt, ammonium nitrate per 1 sq. Meter area and 1 bucket of water);
  • The second feeding is carried out at the beginning of flowering by the same fertilizers.

May apply and 3 fertilizers - early spring, at the stage of budding and after flowering (the third spend in August or September, using 10-20 g of potassium and phosphate fertilizers).

How to grow physalis - ornamental and not only
Fisalis. © pbpho2

Soil loosening and weeding

All phyzalis without exception do not like the neighborhood of weeds. At least once a month or 1.5 months weeding should be done, while loosening the soil and maintaining its water permeability. The only way to get rid of weeding is to use the mulching method.

Physalis pruning and harvesting

Physalis does not need to be pruned to form, rejuvenate or regulate. To increase the yield and the number of flowers on the plant, it is enough to prune the tops of the branches. This procedure is best done in June.

Cut decorative figs can be cut as soon as the wraps turn a characteristic orange color and before the capsule opens. Vegetable physalis begins to ripen 80-90 days after sowing. As the fruit matures, it acquires the color characteristic of the variety, and the lanterns dry out and become lighter in color. Physalis can be harvested only on sunny days. Unripe fruits store well, gradually ripening and not spoiling sometimes until spring if stored in the refrigerator.

How to grow physalis - ornamental and not only
Fisalis common. © julia_HalleFotoFan

Diseases and pests of physalis

Danger to physalis only if growing conditions are incorrectly selected or careless. In too wet soil, physalis is quickly affected by stem rot. And in the neighborhood with diseased plants and excessive dryness, aphids often infest them.

To combat insects better insecticides, but with diseases do not rush to resort to chemical methods of control: first of all, move the physalis in conditions that suit them or adjust care.

Wintering physalis

Both decorative and vegetable physalis are excellent for growing in conditions of the middle zone. They do not need protection for the winter, even a small one. In conditions of snowless winter the bushes may freeze, but they will quickly recover.

How to grow physalis - ornamental and not only
Phisalis longifolia (Physalis longifolia). © Dan Mullen

Physalis Propagation

Physalis is very easy to propagate. Seeds or cuttings can also be used to obtain this plant and increase plantings, or you can resort to the classic division of bushes during rejuvenation.

The most effective method of phyzalis propagation is exactly division. Because of their creeping rhizomes, physalis quickly adapts to new locations and tolerates transplanting very well. Division can be done both in spring and autumn, and one adult bush can be divided into small dividers with several shoots and a good bundle of roots.

Physalis cuttings can be cut only in July. For propagation, cut off the top of a shoot with 2 or 3 complete buds. Root cuttings in standard conditions under a hood.

Fisalis can be grown from seeds through sprouts and by sowing directly in a permanent place. In this case, you can sow them into the soil in spring and under the winter, but in the conditions of the middle zone it is better to limit oneself to the May sowing.

Sowing of Physalis on sprouts is carried out in the middle or end of April, using for each seed personal, ideally - peat pots. As they grow, the seedlings are fed 1 time with full mineral fertilizer. Move young physalis into the ground only from the end of May, when the threat of frost has disappeared. Before adaptation, both ornamental and vegetable physalis should be watered frequently and shaded from the midday rays.