Growing an orchid at home is not only a laborious task, but also requires some knowledge. This exotic flower needs full and competent care, then it will please the eye with its lush growth and colorful blooms. Proper watering, nutrition and watering temperature can be very important, but the most important thing is to know how to water the orchid at home. © Heinrich & Johanne
How to water an orchid correctly?
Water an orchid grown at home after the soil in the pot has dried up. The watering intensity depends on many factors: temperature and humidity of the room, light, size of the container in which the plant is planted and many others.
In nature, the orchid feeds on rainwater, so the watering needs to be as close as possible to it in composition: warm and soft liquid. The water hardness can be reduced by using oxalic acid, which can be bought at a flower store. Dilute the solution the day before watering - half a teaspoon of acid per 2.5 liters of water. Before watering, drain the water (solution) carefully, so that the remainder remains at the bottom, or filter.
Slightly acidify the water by using top peat: a bag with it should be dropped in water for several hours. The optimal water temperature for watering the flower should be 30-35 degrees.
How often should I water an orchid?
The frequency of watering home orchids is set by the environment, affecting the rate at which the substrate dries out. You can determine the need for watering by analyzing the following signs:
- If there are condensation droplets on the walls of the pot, you should not water the plant yet, if the walls are dry - you should water the plant.
- When the color of the roots are bright green, then there is enough moisture, and if they have turned lighter - you should water.
- Picking up the pot with the flower and feeling its weight, you can not worry about watering yet, but if the pot is light - it's time to water.
- In an opaque pot the presence of moisture in the soil is determined by the degree of immersion in it the stick-support.
Also watering the flower depends on the species of orchid. For most plant species, watering them 1-3 times a week in summer, and 1-2 times a month during dormancy is considered optimal. Any watering should be done in the morning, so that by the evening no moisture is left in the leaf axils.
Home watering of orchids
The watering water should be oxygenated, so before this procedure it should be transferred several times from one container to another. Orchids can be watered in several ways.
Hot Showers once a month
One of the watering methods is a hot shower watering. This method promotes a quick build-up of green mass and quality flowering. In addition, rinsing the leaves with a regular shower cleans them from pests and protects them from disease.
Does such a shower as follows:
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- Will put containers with flowers in the tub and water using the shower head under a small head of soft water with a temperature of 45 degrees, best 38-42 degrees. Preliminary, half an hour before such a shower, the plant should be well watered.
- After the shower leave the containers in the bath for at least 20 minutes, to drain the excess liquid.
- Minutes after 40 wipe the young sprouts and leaves of the plant with a dry cloth. On Wanda and Phalaenopsis orchids you should also wipe the core to prevent it from starting to rot, otherwise the plant will stop growing.
- How often can you do a hot shower for an orchid? Experts recommend, no more than once a month.
In this case, the pot is immersed in prepared water. Lower the pot slowly so that the dry roots do not push the plant out of the pot, and keep it in the water for 40 minutes. Once the pot is out of the water, it should be held in the air until the excess water is out. Immersion watering is considered the most economical and quite effective, but it can be done as long as neither the substrate nor the plant itself is affected by any disease.
Pouring with a watering can
Water with a watering can and low pressure water the surface of the vase without touching the leaf axils and growth points. Pour until no water flows from the holes at the bottom of the pot. Give time to remove excess water and repeat the procedure after a couple of minutes. The excess water that runs out into the tray should be poured out of it.
This type of watering is used for orchids grown in blocks, that is without using substrate. In this case, the roots dry out faster than in pots with soil. It is recommended to water with a sprayer in "mist" mode, directing it exactly at the roots until they change color (do not become green). The next procedure should be carried out as the root system dries up.
Learning how to water an orchid in a pot, it remains to follow the suggested recommendations correctly and wait for the moment of flowering of these beautiful flowers.
How to water an orchid in certain cases?
Pour the presented plant in different periods and in different situations, should be, flawlessly following the rules worked out by nature. Only then will the orchid bloom and develop in a lush and timely manner.
The watering of the orchid during flowering
At the beginning of flowering it is necessary to change the watering order in order to create natural conditions for the plant. During flowering, seeds are formed - they are very small and volatile in an orchid, so they can be scattered over a distance of several kilometers. In the rainy season in the natural environment the seeds can't fly far away, so if you're growing the flower at home you should water it as described above. If there is insufficient humidity in the room, you can spray the leaves, taking care not to get to the core of the flower. During blossoming it's necessary to water the plant several times a week as the substratum dries up.
How to water an orchid in winter
The orchid in the cold period does not go into full dormancy, so you need to water it also in winter, but much less often than during blossoming. Optimal dates are considered: once every 10 days or every 2 weeks. But strictly such intervals are not necessary to maintain, the main thing - to monitor the drying of the soil and do not let it dry out too much.
The important rule in this case - to allow excess fluid to flow out of the pot, so that after placing it on the windowsill, where there are usually other plants, because it is the coolest place in the house, the roots are not overcooled and not infected with various diseases. If the flower is supposed to have a warm shower, it should be done in the evening and left in the bathroom overnight to prevent rotting in the growth point.
Pouring orchids after purchase
After the flower is purchased, it needs a little quarantine. It consists of separating the plant from the others, keeping it away from direct sunlight and not fertilizing it. You also need not to water the orchid within 5-7 days in order to identify pests and destroy them in a timely manner. At the end of the quarantine, the plant should gradually be accustomed to the light by putting it on a window sill and watering it little by little.
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Pumping the orchid after transplanting
Transplant the orchid either immediately after purchase or in early spring, when the plant has come out of hibernation. You should know that it does not like large pots, because the root system does not develop well in them. After transplanting the plant into a new pot with new soil, you should water it so that it absorbs the maximum moisture.
Then the pot should be placed for 20 minutes in a container with warm water, then allow the excess liquid to drain and place it in a shady place. The orchid should not be watered for two weeks after transplanting because the plant has been stressed and the presence of moisture is more destructive to it than the lack of it.
After the orchid has passed its adaptation, it needs perfect care, fertilization and watering with clean water so that the leaves and stems quickly regain their nutrient balance. How many times a week an orchid should be watered after transplanting is a question of concern to many beginner flower growers. But experienced experts recommend watering the orchid after transplanting at least two to three times a week, since the time of transplanting coincides with the summer period, and thus with the time of flowering as well.
Orchid watering mistakes26>
Pouring the orchid is a very responsible part of its care. Often it is the mistakes in watering that harm the plant and even provoke its death. So when taking care of an orchid you need to be familiar with the possible mistakes during watering:
- Orrchid over watering. This is the most common mistake of florists. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture, because stagnant water in the pot leads to rotting of the roots. You can prevent this by using high foam drainage - it should be at least 4 cm. Using gravel or expanded clay, there is a risk of multitail infection, because this is a favorable environment for it.
- Water in the axils of the leaves. If the flower is watered carelessly or if the water is not removed afterwards from the leaf axils, the water will rot the root neck of the flower and the flower will die.
- Spraying from a distance of less than 20 cm. If done from a closer distance, the moisture will evaporate more slowly. Large droplets on the flowers, which stay there for a long time, make them look dull and faded. And dark-colored spots are left on the leaves as a consequence, which in time become like dents.
- Made poor quality water. When you use cold, hard or just dirty water the leaves quickly turn yellow and the root system dies.
- The plant must not be sprayed if it has been under direct sunlight for a long time: there is a risk of leaf burns.
- Winter spraying is also undesirable, because it cools the leaves and forms the ideal environment for the development of diseases.
- Changing the water after each pot in order not to infect all the plants if one of them happens to be eaten by fungus or vermin.
If you follow these simple recommendations you can reward yourself with a healthy and flowering plant that will give joy to its owner.
Pouring orchids for different species has slight or considerable differences. Choosing a flower for yourself, you should pay attention to unpretentious in the care of plants, so as not to spend a lot of time on it and not to resort to various tricks for proper cultivation. The exact watering recommendations for the chosen variety can be found out from a specialist florist at the flower store.
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