May is the month of May when the forests are dressed up and the summer invites you in. But in fact the last month of spring is not only characterized by lush greenery and expectation of warmth, but also by its fickle nature: in May the sun shines and then the frost returns. For this reason in this period both gardener and vegetable grower should be ready for the summer season. © Garden Inspirations
Preparing for planting
As in April, work on preparing beds, greenhouses, cleaning the garden continues in early May. Gardening tools are bought, territory is planned. Neglect these activities can not - it is the key to successful work in the future.
Sowing, planting in the garden
Despite the fact that in different regions the last month of spring is different, in most cases in its warm days carry out planting. First sow cold-resistant crops: lettuce, radish, spinach, seed onions, spring garlic, carrots, dill, parsley. Then the more heat-loving ones: potatoes, peas, tomatoes, corn, sunflowers, beans, leeks, and beets. And, after the threat of return frosts, "softies", including pumpkin, zucchini, cucumbers, peppers, eggplants.
If the garden is planted through seedlings, in early May in the boxes still planted white and cauliflower cabbage, pumpkin seedlings. Grown seedlings for two weeks before planting begin to harden. To do this, first arrange a brief ventilation of the premises where she is, and then "walk" the plants in the fresh air, covering from winds and strong sun.
In greenhouses, in early and mid-May, planted in February and March seedlings of peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, early cucumbers. In the second decade of the month, under the cover material, in the south and in the middle belt, plant white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, root celery, pumpkin seedlings, planted in March seedlings of low varieties of tomatoes, and on warm beds and April seedlings of cucumbers, zucchinis, pumpkins, pattissons.
There can be no absolutely precise planting dates this month, as the unstable nature of May forces us to focus on the individual conditions of the climatic zone and the features of weather conditions of the current year.
Augment, renew, change in the garden
The first decade of May is the last opportunity to add new crops to the garden. Till the warm weather has not yet established, you can still plant seedlings of trees and shrubs, graft, re- graft stone fruit trees.
If the strawberry beds have not been updated since the fall, up to the end of May you can transplant young rosettes in a new place, supplement berry collection with new varieties.
Take care of strawberry beds
All bedding care should begin as soon as the new leaves start to grow. Remove dead and damaged leaves, preferably with scissors, perform loosening, mulching, feed with tincture of cow dung (1 x 4 with water), slurry (1 x 2 with water) or poultry manure (1 x 10 with water). © strawberrysue
Please also read this. 10 best ferns for flowerbeds and flower gardens
Maintaining the raspberry bed
In May, young shoots are already clearly visible on the raspberry bed. But unnecessary shoots are not good for raspberries. Therefore, all unnecessary must be removed. Especially afraid of overgrowth remontant varieties, reacting to the problem by a decrease in yield.
As the majority of modern high-yield raspberry varieties are quite high, in the days of May, if it was not done earlier, it is necessary to conduct their garter. To do this, place the shoots on a pre-tensioned trellis with a spacing of 10 cm and tie them with twine. The first row of wire should be 60 cm above the ground, the second 1.2-1.5 m, depending on the height of the plants. That is why it is a good idea to ask before what date, on average, there are re-emerging frosts in your area. This will allow you to roughly orient yourself to the timing of planting vegetables and "sleep well at night" after the calendar goes over the critical days. If the issue of frosts is relevant throughout the month, you need to think in advance about how to protect against them.
The easiest way to keep the planting is through irrigation. Moisture evaporating from the ground knocks down low temperatures, thereby preventing frost from having a devastating effect on plant tissue. However, it is necessary to water the soil 2-3 hours before the critical temperature, or at the moment of frost, by sprinkling.
The same technique can save trees. Good watering, placing containers of water around the perimeter of the crown, irrigating the crown, bring down the cold, allowing to save the buds that have swollen or managed to blossom from death.
But you can also go another way - to sow the spaces between the rows with green manure, cover seedbeds with polyethylene film, non-woven fabric, straw, organize chimney curtains, make root or top-dressing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. © Lila Steinhoff
Monitoring soil moisture
Despite the fact that the hot weather is not yet constant, in May it is already necessary to monitor soil moisture. Radish, lettuce, cabbage, winter garlic, strawberries, raspberries especially need watering in this period. It is necessary not only to water regularly, but also with sufficient soil penetration.
Protect yourself from diseases and pests
Despite the fact that the young leaves on the trees just sprouted and the beds just started to please the greenery, many gardeners and vegetable growers should not rejoice because it is now necessary to begin the fight against pests. Aphids appear, aphids become more active, spider mites begin to attack, ants work very hard... The simplest method is chemistry, but since the plants growing in our gardens are grown in order to produce organic products, it is worth to think about folk methods.
Tincture of tobacco, mustard or garlic can help against aphids. Against spider mite - infusion of celandine, onions. Against bears - water and vegetable oil. Ants are scared away by the smell of kerosene. However, one or two treatments with such means will not be enough, it is important to repeat spraying at intervals of 5 days. You cannot apply kerosene to the branches, but soak cuttings in it and place them under bushes.
In May days, onion and cabbage flies appear. To repel them, it is necessary to treat plants with ashes or tobacco dust.
Please also read this. Manganese for plant health - reliable and indispensable
The small gray moth with wavy lines on its wings is the codling moth. It is also necessary to control it in May. The moth itself is not dangerous, but its caterpillars are serious pests of apple and pear orchards. Only insecticides can help against them - Karate, Aliot and others, which can be advised at specialized outlets. Time of treatment, should coincide with the caterpillars emerging from the eggs, which coincides with the beginning of flowering of acacia trees.
In the first days of May you can still conduct the treatment of apple trees against leafminer, pome and stone fruits against bark beetle, plum and cherry trees against aphids and fruit moths, cherry and cherry trees against cherry fly, gooseberries and currant bushes against glassworm. Treat apple and pear trees against scab.
It is very important to inspect black currant bushes at the flowering stage. If on them are observed divided-petal flowers with elongated petals of a dirty-pink hue, three-lobed elongated leaves (in healthy black currants the leaves are five-lobed) - it is a mahrovost. Such a plant should be uprooted and destroyed. Terry leaf blight is a very dangerous disease, spread by birds and insects.
The leaves of red and white currants may show yellow or red swellings - this is hairy or red-headed aphids. Such leaves will curl, then darken and fall off. They must be cut off and destroyed, and the plants must be sprayed on the underside of leaves with celandine tincture (2 kg of fresh plants per 5 liters of water, leave for 24 hours).
The same control measures are suitable for destroying gooseberry aphids not only affecting gooseberries but also black currant. Its presence on plants can be easily detected by deformed petioles and twisted leaves.
In the second half of the month it is important to treat apple and pear trees against the 1st generation of the Carrot-tree Moth (with repetition in the end of May) and raspberry trees against stem moth.
And at the beginning of June you already should begin struggle with Colorado potato beetle.
Please also read this. Trampling-resistant mosses and herbaceous perennials