The shovel, rake, and hoe - the traditional tools for working the soil in the garden - are slowly becoming a thing of the past. In their place comes more advanced tools for work in the garden and vegetable garden. Such a relatively new tool is considered pliers engineer-inventor Fokin VV. It allows you to perform more than 10 types of work on the soil without the involvement of other tools and special loads on the waist and legs. Let's try to find out the way of the good work with the Fokin's Ploskresor and whether it has any disadvantages, which we are going to find out in this article.
How did the Ploskrez invent?
Vladimir Fokin owes his invention to... a heart attack! After a serious illness, which overtook the inventor in 1987, he could not work in the garden as before. The load was too heavy for his weakened health. So Fokin invented a tool, with which to cultivate 20 hectares of vegetable garden was not difficult even for him.
In 1997 Fokin's plane tool was patented by the creator, and today this tool is used not only in Russia and the nearest foreign countries, but also in Europe and the USA.
Types of plane tools
Fokin's plane tool is made of high-carbon alloy steel. Externally it looks like a plate bent in a certain way. It is sharpened by 3 cutting edges (two long ones on the sides and one short one at the sharp end of the ploughshare), which must be periodically sharpened during use. The sharper the tool is, the easier it is to work with (almost without effort).
The Universal Fokin ploughs are always sold as a set ("Small" and "Large" ploughshares), packed in a box with the logo in which they are:
- two products identical in design, but of different sizes (large and small) and their fasteners;
- tools and fasteners (4 nuts, 4 bolts and 4 lockwashers) have anti-corrosion coating;
- the set is accompanied by a product quality certificate from the manufacturer.
But a typical (universal) set of two tools is sufficient for a regular dacha, not exceeding 4-8-square meters, and what about the yard area, which is sometimes up to 20-40, and even more?
Currently producing several varieties of Fokin Plotzers. They are more convenient to work on larger areas ("Polotik Big", "Polotik Small"). The working device of the tools is longer and narrower than those of the usual Big and Small Scrapers.
The "Mogushnik" For planting and planting beds of any height the plough blade is wide enough for ploughing.
For working in heavy clay soils and virgin land it is better to use "Robust" - another type of plane. Compared to the normal large ploughshare, the blade of the "Krepush" is shortened without changing the width of the blade.
General rules for customizing the ploughshare
For the tool to be in working order, it is sufficient to fasten it to the cutter bar with the fastening screws. It is better to use a flat cutter, to which it is easier to attach a steel tool. Fokin's ploskrez There is a third hole designed to attach the tool to the cutter at a certain angle, which turns it into a simulated hoe.
Assembling the ploskrez, do not rush immediately on the plot. Be sure to adjust it to your height, the working hand (right, left). It is convenient to hold the handle when working with two hands on it in about 10-12 cm.
Fokin's plier properly adjusted for height will move parallel to the soil level. The back will be straight. Only the hands work.
Remember! The soil is cut with the plough, not chopped from above as with the hoe.
If the blade plane deflects up or down, the worker has to exert more effort to do the work or bend over, it means that the angle of attachment must be changed. The tilt angle is changed by moving and securing the blade in another, adjacent hole on the handle.
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Most often, the negative reviews of the Fokin ploskrez are due to the fact that the gardener simply "adjusted" it incorrectly.
Examples of work that can be done with a ploskrez
As already mentioned above, the Fokin ploskrez can perform almost all work associated with the care of the soil and plants. Soil cultivation with a ploughshare does not disturb the soil structure, preserves useful microorganisms in the upper layer, necessary for processing rough organic matter into biohumus.
Using a ploughshare for soil cultivation reduces the time, requires less effort in performing various works. One tool allows you to perform at least 12 works on the dacha and yard plot.
1. "Digging" the soil in the fall and spring
"The sting" Fokin ploughshare poke into the ground at a convenient angle for the entire length of the blade to the turn ("heel"). Formed loosened row of 10-15 cm depth. The next run is pulled side by side. Such "digging over" is several times faster than digging with a shovel. It is especially convenient to "dig over" in this way narrow beds, which does not trample (trampling soil) gardener.
For more details about the arrangement and care of narrow beds, read the article "How I made narrow beds and simplified my life".
2. Shoveling the soil
The blade, as well as at ripping, stick into the soil on the whole length and pull after itself. If necessary the same strip is passed twice with the ploughshare
3. Leveling the soil and breaking up large clods
Fokin flat on the ground with the tip to the right in order to level the loosened surface of the plot. The loosened area is leveled by back and forth movements. Large clods are broken with the "heel"
4. Forming beds
To prevent water from escaping beyond the bed, its edges lift, throwing the soil with a rake, as when working with a hoe. The long side of the blade is placed on the soil parallel to the bed, the cutter should be positioned perpendicularly. The blade is slightly deepened into the soil at an angle, and the movements from itself to the bed rake and throw the soil on it, forming the necessary height. Thinning of crops
Dense (thickened) crops of dill, carrots, parsley, celery are usually thinned by a small Fokin flatbed, treating plants with the narrow part of the tool across the crop.
6. Weeding between the rows with destruction of weeds
The tool is placed flat on the ground, the blade turned to the left (in the right hand). Slightly burying the long side of the blade (3-5 cm), pull it behind you. It is not necessary to strain the back, raising and lowering, as a usual hoe, when removing weeds. Weeds are better removed young. High overgrown weeds can be lifted with the edge of the blade and pulled out of the soil with a Fokin flat-blade or trimmed with a rounded "heel".
7. Sowing the seeds
Cut the rows to a desired depth with the tip of the plane cutters. The seeds are brought in (here it is necessary to bend down) and covered with the movements, as at leveling the soil. Preparation of holes for planting seedlings
The sharp end of the Fokin Plough dug holes of the required size, conduct planting and dip the same movements as in the formation of seedbeds. Pruning whiskers in strawberries / earth
In narrow rows, whiskers are cut with a sharp end, and in wide ones the same way as weeds. The weeds are also removed with a Fokin flat-top trimmer at the same time. The tool in a wide strip is slightly sunk into the soil, placing the "heel" to the row and pulling, cutting a thin layer of soil with weeds and mustache.
Please also read this. Why dig the soil in the fall, and when is it best not to dig?
10. Spreading mulch, compost, mulch
From the pile ray-shaped flatbed pulls in different directions these materials.
11. Cutting siderates for mulch
The Fokina flatbed can replace the scythe by cutting off the above-ground part of the siderate, which can be left in place or used to mulch the site.
12. Destruction of soil crust after irrigation or rainfall
Rabotage can be done in the vegetable garden, orchard, berry barn. Together with the surface loosening of the soil, the weeds are also cut down. The wide side of the blade of the plough is placed flat on the ground, slightly deepened and the tool is pulled towards itself, cutting a thin layer of soil with weeds.
With Fokin's ploughshares you can perform other works besides those mentioned above. Owners (often women) in love with this miracle tool say - if a farm has a Fokin plane cutter, other implements for soil cultivation can "rest". Is it really so?
Fokine's shovel - pros and cons
The shovel loosens well (imitation of tilling without turning the layer) the developed soils, better - formed in the form of narrow ridges. Tilled soil is poorly amenable to tillage in the autumn tilling. Tillage depth decreases.
Tilled plot overgrown with turf and mature, well developed weeds is very difficult to master with Fokin flatbeds, even of different modifications. If the plot is clogged with root weeds, Fokin flatbed cuts the underground part of the plants during deep tilling and contributes only to their reproduction.
To use the plane for spreading organic fertilizers is convenient, but it is impossible to bring them into the soil (inside) with the plane cutter.
When plowing vegetable crops with the Fokin plane cutter, the straight back rests, but the hands perform more movement, raking the ground under the bushes.
If necessary, the scythe is still easier and faster to mow siderata.
The Fokin flatbed was designed specifically to reduce the strain on the spine, which is very important for sciatica and for older gardeners. Working with the ploskrez, you protect your back and other organs from unnecessary stress during garden work.
It is true that today, due to the increased demand for Fokin ploskrez, you can increasingly buy their cheap imitations. Usually, fake:
- made of thin low-quality metal
- easily bent by force bending;
- tool has no anti-corrosion coating, it is simply painted;
- often sold without packaging;
- fixing holes are made carelessly;
- bolts and nuts to secure the tool to the stem requires great effort.
Be careful! Purchasing a fake, you are likely to be disappointed in the purchase and, accordingly, in Fokin's ingenious invention.
But there is another condition without which even a real Fokin plier will not match the claimed capabilities. This tool must be as sharp as possible when working! If the ploughshare is not sharpened from time to time, all the work done with it will require no less physical strength than digging the soil with a shovel.
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