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Flowerbeds Of Perennials On The Roof - Features Of The Organization

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The art of creating rooftop gardens has long since changed from a beautiful fad into a full-fledged fashionable and environmentally friendly trend. Small oases of comfort and tranquility, places for communication with nature and rest from the bustle of the city transform the lives of many people. Luxury gardens of potted plants remain the most popular option. Brightly colored annuals and seasonal stars, combined for the greatest effect, know no equal. But on the roof you can grow and more permanent plants - herbaceous perennials and even shrubs, which will please all year round.

Flowerbeds of perennials on the roof - features of the organization
Foliage from perennials on the roof - features of the organization. © ideideafaceripenet

Content:

  • Peculiarities of organization of roof landscaping
  • Roof perennials
  • Practical nuances of growing perennials on the roof

Peculiarities of organization of roof landscaping

Roof landscaping allows a new look at the recreation areas of offices, apartment buildings and private homes. But to be limited to the "urban jungle" is not necessarily. Any roof can be seen as an extra space to plant a new garden. The desire to create a little oasis arises even when the flat and dull rooftop view from your favorite room or balcony.

The benefits of a garden on the roof

Additional garden on the roof of the house or garage, outbuildings helps not only to get an additional recreation area with a luxurious view, but also has a lot of practical advantages. After all, thanks to the roof gardens optimize the atmosphere inside the house, heat dissipation (in particular, protect against overheating in summer), increase air humidity, trapping dust, improve the microclimate, promote optimal use of rainwater, flee from noise, etc.

Limitations for flower beds on the roof

The possibilities for landscaping roofs are limited only by two factors:

  1. The strength of the deck itself, the ability of the structure to withstand heavy weight (taking into account not only plants and soil, but also snow, structures, containers, decorative elements).
  2. Quality of coverage, including the presence of damage and the slope of more than 20 degrees, requiring special measures.

To determine the possibilities of breaking the additional garden on the roof, it is sufficient to refer to professionals who assess the statics of structures.

Flowerbeds of perennials on the roof - features of the organization
If the parameters of the roof can break the garden, you can pick up different options for gardening. © zinco

Variants of landscaping roofs

If the parameters of the roof allow you to break the garden, you can pick up different options for landscaping. There are three of them:

  • Temporary or mobile potted garden.
  • Stationary planting in the form of flower beds or beds.
  • Combined options that combine both potted with cadon, and flower beds.

Multiple plants can be used in all three options for roof gardening. The simplest of these is planting plants in decorative containers. Unlike annuals, perennials will please for many years, requiring only additional protection and covering for the winter (or bringing them indoors). They are permanent, ornamental, and create dense clumps. But still all the beauty of perennials reveal, first of all, through plantings of a more permanent nature.

Flowerbeds of perennials on the roof - features of the organization
For the landscaping of roofs use special plants - very hardy. © Fiveprime

Annuals for the roof

Special plants from the category of herbaceous perennials - decorative, with compact rhizomes, creating a dense turf, not requiring special care, hardy and sprawling are used for roof gardening. Bet in the process of creating a garden on the roof to do not on the number of plants, but on their ability over time to create a full-fledged joint planting.

The correct choice of perennials can reduce the care of the garden on the roof to a minimum of procedures. In fact, if you abandon the seasonal plants and annuals, as well as potted and canopy plants in favor of stationary plantings, pay attention to such a garden will have only 1-2 times a year.

The easiest way to green the roof - choosing ready-made coverings with groundcovers. After all, in the form of turf, cut into squares, sell not only lawns, but also more complex compositions with otchitkami, milkweed, other unpretentious plants. Explore the range of ready-to-plant types of ornamental coverings at local garden centers.

If perennials are used for a potted garden, the choice is almost unlimited. For planting in containers and flowerbeds, ornamental-leafy crops and aromatic spicy herbs are most often chosen. Lavender, mint, melissa, oatmeal, celandine, wormwood, St. John's wort, thyme, cuffs, geichera, oatmeal are just a few plants that can replace summer plants in containers. Perennial groundcovers and vines from perennials to ivies also do an excellent job as landscapers.

Flowerbeds of perennials on the roof - features of the organization
If perennials are used for a potted garden, the choice is almost unlimited. © Sebert Landscape

Selecting plants for permanent compositions

When creating permanent compositions of rooftop beds, somewhat different crops come to the fore:

  1. Succulents remain the absolute favorites for rooftop landscaping. Young angelica, cleansing, stone thistle, thyme, and Co. are satisfied with a minimum layer of fertile soil and can withstand all heat and drought.
  2. From the more powerful perennials in the design of compositions on the roof of the narrow-leaved lavender, irises, mottled and dwarf, bearberry, evening primrose quadrangular, Carpathian bells. Excellent show themselves in the gardens on the roof of catnip, aquilegia, poskonnik, ordinary purifiers and phlox of groundcover species.
  3. From the grasses worth paying attention to the evergreen oat, fanflower, Spartina pectinate, fescue, miscanthus Chinese and meadow-grass. If the seeds of hare's-tail and other annual grasses are sown once, they will self-sow and add an improvisational effect to the composition. As well as flowering annuals such as cosmea blood-red.

There is room on the roof and for larger plants. Of shrubs for landscaping the roof use the most unpretentious hardy and compact species. Meyer's lilacs of the smallest varieties, steppe almond, hip hips, evergreen stars as Weymouth pine and small flowering, spruce dwarf varieties - these are excellent candidates for the role of single accents and elements that contribute to the composition of the volume and structure.

For touching accents and seasonal spots in the gardens on the roof can freely use the bulbs. Such a small garden can become a full-fledged laboratory for learning about exotics or new varieties. Lovers of bulbs can create a whole relay race of blossoms, and compositions in which it is bulbous flowers will be the real stars. From the first touching snowdrops to crocuses, mouse hyacinth, species and varieties of tulips with hyacinths to daffodils - there are plenty of candidates for the spring show to choose from. Their blossoms will also pick up ornamental bows - Catharabs, round-headed, and lilies.

Flowerbeds of perennials on the roof - features of the organization
To arrange flower beds with perennials on the roof it will be necessary to additionally lay it with protective root-insulating coating. © Pdftoget

Practical nuances of growing perennials on the roof

To grow perennials on the roof in specially created flower beds, squares, beds or spots, care must be taken not only about the choice of plants.

First, the boundaries of flower beds and planting zones should be strictly limited: plants are planted only in the composition, created on the principle of raised beds or beds - rising above the general level of the roof.

Planning of the garden on the roof to think carefully, leaving enough room for a comfortable rest, movement, care of plants. Decorative paving, creating coverings, arrangement of seating areas, especially if the planned shading structures, complete before starting the gardening proper.

For the breakdown of flower beds with perennials on the roof will need to additionally lay its protective root insulating coating in the zone in which the object will be created. The protective coating is additionally covered with non-woven materials, and only then proceed to fill the actual structures. Wooden edging, plastic structures, fashionable portable modules are selected depending on the desired style and design concept. The bottom layer of flower beds create from drainage, which is mandatory for any stationary objects on the roof (with a layer of at least 10 cm). Drainage is covered with filtering fiber, and only then a layer of nutritious, high-quality, loose soil is poured, in which the plants will be planted.

Layer of substrate or fertile soil on flower beds on the roof directly determines not only the total weight of the entire structure and garden, but also what plants can be used. For succulents 5-7 cm of soil is enough, but other herbaceous plants will need more space and a layer of substrate with a thickness of 8 to 12 cm.

Additionally, the thickest layer of soil should be for lawns - about 15-20 cm. But such a layer of soil will allow to plant and cereals, and large, forming powerful roots perennials, and even decorative small shrubs.

For the creation of a garden on the roof use strong seedlings with a closed root system. Small dividers or plants with bare roots will take a long time to adapt and may die in specific climatic conditions. When selecting planting material it is important to pay attention to well developed roots, absence of traces of pests and diseases and active growth.