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Celogine - An Orchid Without Caprice

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One of the most graceful orchids, the celogine, captivates with its beauty at first sight. The abundant flowering, reminiscent of a magical lace from afar, up close surprises with the details of graceful petals and the unique purity of the snow-white color. The leaves of the celogine are numerous and unusual. This orchid seems delicate and touching, ornate and exclusive. She needs specific conditions, but care for the celogine is not at all as difficult as for more capricious species. The main thing is to find the ideal place for the soaring fairy in which it can reveal its special beauty and character.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Celogine flower. © Thomas Ditlevsen

Content:

  • What does a celogine look like?
  • Views of cellogonas
  • Conditions for growing indoor cellogonas
  • Home care of cellogonas
  • Transplanting cellogonas, containers and substrate
  • Diseases, pests and growing problems
  • Reproducing cellogonas

What does cellogonas look like?

Despite their abundant flowering, celoginas have never been able to compete in popularity not only with phalaenopsis and dendrobiums, but also wandas or cattleyas.

This is not the most common, but definitely - a special plant of the Orchid family, pleasantly differs from its room competitors and unpretentiousness, and duration of flowering. But the main "trump card" of celogonas is the number of flowers. Growing quickly and pleasantly surprising with flowering clouds, this orchid certainly claims the title of one of the most graceful soloists.

In among florists, celogins are also known as "bride orchids", "white fairies", "snow cloud", hololeika. This orchid is easily distinguished from phalaenopsis and other room orchids both by its drooping flower stalks and its many snow-white flowers.

Celogines are short-rooted, sympodial orchids whose elongated pseudobulbs surprise with their round shape and compact size (up to 5 cm in length on average). They produce only a pair of sessile leaves.

Celogins cannot compete with the more popular orchids in terms of showiness and size, but because the plants are never grown alone and create colonies, the greens in celogins make a striking impression and the plant itself looks imposing. The linear, prominently creased, glossy, dark green leaves of the celogine look ornate even when the plants are not flowering. The leaves do not exceed 30 cm in length.

The celogine blooms are one of the most magnificent among room orchids. The flower stems grow from the base of the pseudobulbs, powerful and strong, they are crowned with a brush of inflorescences consisting of 5-7 pedicels and buds. After opening the flowers grow up to 9 cm in diameter, their sparse arrangement allows to estimate the beauty of each separate flower, but at the same time the plant seems to be covered by a huge continuous cloud of flowers.

Each pseudobulb produces only one flower stalk, but the whole family of celogenes produces simultaneously an astonishing number of flower stalks, and the number of simultaneously opening flowers is measured in tens. The long, sparse hanging tassels are very beautiful.

The flower structure of the celogine is very elegant. The lower three-lobed lip, the pointed petals, the original undulation and the small "brush-like" outgrowths - everything about this orchid brings to mind tenderness.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Orchidia celogina. © Eerika Schulz

The color gamut of celoginas is rather dull, if you can say so about the flawless snow-white coloration of most celoginas. The snow-white, glowing, as if luminous, due to the texture of the petals, the coloration is only emphasized by yellowish-orange outgrowths and "colored" details on the lip. Cream and yellow-green species are less common. Caelogins also pleasantly surprise with their delicate fragrance.

The celogine's flowering period graces the first half of the calendar year. Traditionally this orchid blooms only in the middle of winter and offers to enjoy the beauty of white inflorescences up to the time when the first spring stars have not yet come into their own.

The celogin blooms from January to April are typical, but often the orchid pleases in quite different terms, sometimes from March or April to the middle of summer. Everything depends on the conditions and habits of the plant itself: how the cycle has been arranged in the flower center, and how temperatures and lighting change in a particular house when the seasons change.

Stypes of celogon

There are over a hundred varieties of celogon, which are very similar to each other in unpretentiousness, and love for high humidity, and in the beauty of flowering. These orchids, mostly common in Southeast Asia and often associated with India, are represented in room culture by only a few species.

The most popular of all celoginas that are grown as room and greenhouse plants is Celogyne cristata or crested (Coelogyne cristata).

This is a small, rather bulky orchid that quickly builds its bushes. The height of the celogina crested is limited to 15-30 cm. The pseudobulbs are ovate, sometimes tetrahedral, and the rhizome is short. Flower stalks from the base of the pseudobulb grow quite quickly. Flowers in the best varieties exceed 13 cm in diameter, yellow spots harmonize with the yellowish-orange cast of pedicels and pedicels. A single drooping, shortened brush holds up to 9 flowers. It blooms from January to March.

Celogyne mooreana (Coelogyne mooreana, also called celogyne mureana in catalogs) is a showy species with ten-cm graceful flowers. At the height up to 40 cm this sympodial beauty forms ovate pseudobulbs growing in dense groups and put out a pair of beautiful glossy leaves of oval-lanceolate form. Flower stalks of celogon bear up to half a meter in height and usually open simultaneously up to 8 large flowers. The snow-white flowers with orange-gold spots on the lip surprise with the pointed edges of the petals, somewhat reminiscent of daffodils. The flowers of this orchid are able to last longer than 1 month, new peduncles appear tirelessly and non-simultaneously, which makes it possible to make the flowering extra long.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Celogyne cristata or crested (Coelogyne cristata). © Eerika Schulz
Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Celogyne mooreana. © Eerika Schulz
Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Celogyne tomentosa (Coelogyne tomentosa). © Jorge R Barreiro

Coelogyne tomentosa (Coelogyne tomentosa, formerly known as Coelogyne massangeana) is a less popular and more capricious species with slightly smaller and more severe flowers, but much larger pseudobulbs. With a length of up to 12 cm and a width of up to 5 cm, this orchid is capable of producing very large, up to 1 cm wide and half a meter long, leaves.

In contrast to celogina cristata, the leaves sit on petioles and the rhizome is long. The half-meter-long shoots are crowned with a shortened brush with small but beautiful cream flowers with lanceolate petals and interesting brown growths on the lip.

Celogyne beautiful (Coelogyne speciosa) is a very modest orchid that is not often seen in private collections. Small pseudobulbs of only several centimeters length produce only one leaf, and short pedicels - up to 3 greenish flowers with beige flowers covered with interesting speckles and veins. The pseudobulbs do not exceed 3 cm in length, the leaves are small and linear. On each flower stalk blossoms only up to three flowers up to 3 cm in diameter. The lettuce-yellow color and beautiful cherry patterns on the lower lip adorn the humble plant in the fall. On sale it is very rare.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Orchidia celogina. © Rolf Panczak

Conditions for cultivation of indoor zeloginas

The zelogina is considered one of the most adapted to room culture orchids. Room temperatures and diffused light are suitable for it. In all species, except for celogon comb, the dormancy period is almost not pronounced. And crystals have a shortened dormancy period, requiring only a few weeks of almost complete dryness after flowering.

Detect the period of vegetation from the dormancy period by shriveling, stopping the growth of the roots. Optimal conditions for them can be recreated in the rooms, the plant except for a very short time is in a state of constant growth and development.

Celogins feel great in flower showcases and greenhouses. In the house, you should choose the dampest rooms for them - for example, a small kitchen or a very bright bathroom with a large window.

The optimum light regime is from 4 to 6 thousand lux. Celogine likes long daylight hours. Ideally, its duration must be from 12 to 14 hours, but in ordinary rooms such regime is not always possible. During the resting period you must provide extra light.

Selecting a place for the celogine, it is worth remembering about the fragility of the plant. Place the zelogin only where there is no risk of accidental damage. The airy beauty likes to grow at a height, on shelves, stands or racks, with placement above the line of sight always enhancing the impression and resemblance to a blooming cloud. Celoginas are great on western and eastern window sills or in places with light interiors similar in light intensity.

Temperature and ventilation

The most important thing in growing Celoginas is to create a comfortable difference in night and day temperatures for the plant. This orchid can also get used to stable temperatures, but it really likes contrasting temperatures. Warm or hot day and cool night - here's the main guarantee of lush flowering of this beauty.

When you can control temperatures and grow in greenhouses or flower showcases it's better to limit temperature to +20°С ... +24°С by day and ensure drop of these indicators at night.

Wintering only for Celogia crestica must be cool. The necessity to maintain temperature from +10°С to +15°С is somewhat compensated by the fact that there's no need to maintain such conditions for a long time: the dormant period for this plant must last at least 3-4 weeks.

Usually the necessary range of temperatures is provided by placing close to the window or moving to cool entrance halls, halls, warm balconies or loggias. It tolerates a temperature drop of up to +5°C. When buying other species it's better to specify parameters of wintering habitual for plants, but usually you don't need to lower temperature for plants.

Celogin can spend all warm season in the open air. This orchid will require protection from direct sunlight and drafts. Sharp temperature changes, constant fluctuating conditions celogyne cannot tolerate even in summer.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Celogyne mooreana (Coelogyne mooreana). © DjThomp

Care of celogonas in home conditions

The most difficult thing in growing celogonas, of course, is to provide consistently high humidity. Measures to increase humidity values are especially laborious in summer and winter, but watering, feeding, and other care of this orchid are not so complicated.

Moreover, zelogins easily forgive small blunders, they recover well, they themselves signal about problems. Attentive examinations and control of the plant (especially its roots) allow to notice the smallest problems in time, and to correct its care.

Pouring and air humidity

Unlike many orchids, during the active growth period a zelogina cannot tolerate complete drying out of soil (especially - prolonged drought). The plant must not be over-dried in summer, setting the frequency of watering by the slight wrinkling of young bulbs. This is a moisture-loving orchid, which is watered so as to maintain a constant humidity.

Flush watering is done during the growth of roots and the maturation of new pseudobulbs. In autumn, the watering is reduced for the establishment of quality flower buds. In the resting period, after flowering, watering is reduced, spend them only after the substrate is completely dry, and when kept in the cool can even be limited to a light spraying of the soil.

Celogene can be watered by different methods, but the best way for her is classical immersion. Containers with the plant are soaked with water, and then let the excess moisture drain off. For this orchid, it is important to water with soft, not just standing, but filtered or boiled water, to avoid salinization of the soil. It is also worth controlling the water temperature: it should be slightly warmer than the air temperature, in order to avoid the risk of overcooling of the roots.

Celogins do not belong to the orchids, feeling well in dry air. The average humidity for this plant is between 60-70%. In summer, during the formation of flower buds in autumn, at the very beginning of flowering, it is desirable to increase the humidity to 85%.

Celogifera loves spraying, and for this plant, increasing air humidity can be done by this method alone, but it is better to combine the installation of humidifiers or trays with wet moss with daily spraying. When kept in a showcase, greenhouse or in a room with high humidity, no additional measures can be taken. But it is always better for the celogine to have extra spraying than to let this orchid remain in dry air.

Fertilizers and Fertilizer Composition

Fertilize the celogine with standard frequency once a week or every other watering during active growth. It is better to be guided by the manufacturer's recommendations for specific fertilizers and the dosage indicated therein.

Celogines like very much foliar feeding, which can be alternated with regular feeding. The foliar feeding is not carried out only during dormancy, during flowering they are only reduced.

For zelogonas use only special fertilizers for orchids, universal preparations for this plant are not suitable. For cellogonas choose fertilizers with a higher content of phosphorus and a lower nitrogen content. Transplanting cellogonas, containers and substrate

Active growth, constant growth and increase in size of the cellogonas "family", a large number of daughter plants require rather frequent transplanting. It should be done only as needed - when all the space in the pots is full, but you should not delay this process. During transplanting, it is preferable not to separate families, especially if the maximum diameter of the containers has not been reached.

Celogine - an orchid without caprice
Transplanted celogines. © fedorchids

An ordinary substrate for growing orchids will work well for celoginas - a coarse, high-quality soil with an optimal ratio of bark, fern fibers, sphagnum and with the addition of charcoal. Caelinas like mulching, covering the substrate with sphagnum or ornamental mosses to maintain a stable moisture content.

The plant carefully poured over, the old soil is removed only with signs of fungal diseases. At the bottom of the container it is desirable to lay drainage and large heavy stones, increasing the stability of the orchid. If the roots of the old container are strong, it is better to plant the whole orchid in the new container together with the old basket.

Diseases, pests and cultivation problems

Celogins pleasantly surprise with their resilience. These orchids can suffer from aphids or spider mites if not cared for and in a diseased state, but still pests are a very rare nuisance. The use of insecticides and fungicides is very painful for the plant, it is better to fight the pests by mechanical removal and correction of care (as long as it will be possible).

When growing celogine, problems usually arise from improper watering. Too frequent and heavy watering or the use of poor quality substrate leads to the spread of rot. The use of non-soft water and salinity of the soil is manifested in the dying off, drying of the leaf tips.

Reproduction of Ceylon

This is one of the easiest orchids to propagate. Due to the constant formation of daughter plants, the celogine allows for division almost every time it is transplanted. But this process is also very risky, because this orchid is very sensitive to root injuries.

To separate each plant into a separate container is not necessary: the celogine is separated so that there are large, strong "groups" consisting of 4-5 pseudobulbs, which can in the first year please with a lush blossoming.

Divide only in spring, carefully, not by hand, but by cutting the densely located pseudobulbs with a sharp tool and as gently as possible dividing the bush into two or three parts, trying not to remove all the soil from the rhizomes. Any injury to the roots is immediately treated with ground charcoal.

The seed method of propagation is used only for industrial purposes and with professional equipment.