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Ayania Pacifica - A Balcony Miracle

, Admin

For container summer plants, their original appearance is valued no less than their lush flowering. And few plants can compete in its singularity with the unique Ayania pacifica. It is difficult to guess about the kinship with the usual "oak trees", and the dark luxury of the leaves and fluffy inflorescences of this culture seem like a small, unique miracle. The plant can also be grown as a perennial, using it as a decoration of stony gardens. But still more often this beauty is grown as a potted summer flower.

Ayania pacifica - a balcony miracle
Ajania pacifica, or chrysanthemum pacifica (Ajania pacifica)


  • Ajania pacifica
  • Other Ajania species
  • Use of Ajania pacifica in ornamental gardening
  • Selecting partners for Ajania
  • Conditions, required by the Pacific chrysanthemum
  • Care for the ayaniya
  • Wintering the Pacific chrysanthemum
  • Pacific chrysanthemum multiplication

Ayaniya Pacific

A relative of the familiar garden chrysanthemums, the ayaniya Pacific often passed in its qualification from the genus Ayaniya to the genus Chrysanthemum proper and was even called a dendranthemum, But today it has regained its rightful name, although the old synonyms are still popular. Ajania pacifica is not the only species in the garden, but it is always regarded as a special and exceptional plant. Perhaps the reason for this status lies in the appearance of the plant. After all, it is not easy to believe that the inimitable potted annual belongs to the humble alpine endemics. Of course, if you look closely, all ayaniyas are similar in leaf shape and features. But on the whole, the appearance of Ayania pacifica deserves consideration of the plant as an inimitable original star.

Ayania pacifica here like to call chrysanthemum-mimosa, or autumn mimosa for the similarity of the roundish inflorescences-baskets in shields on top of shoots with the flowering of spring mimosa.

Ajania pacifica (Ajania pacifica), or as we sometimes call this plant, Chrysanthemum pacificum ( Chrysanthemum pacificum ) is a herbaceous perennial, distinguished by its compact size and increased bushiness. The plant develops in the form of dense, dense and curly shrubs, growing broadly rather than upwards. The height of the Pacific ayaniya is limited to a maximum of 30 cm, but more often the bushes are much more compact. In width, this plant can grow up to a meter in diameter. However, in the middle belt in open soil or in container culture, bushes never reach such dimensions. The ideal globular form looks great in rockeries or on alpine slides, and in pots.

The leaves of Ayania pacifica are inimitable. Rounded, leathery, figured, with large toothed lobes, they seem to be edged with the finest light border emphasizing both the shape of the leaf plate and unusual dark coloring with a silvery tint. Dense balls of inflorescences in the form of "fluffy" baskets resembling mimosa blossoms sit on the ends of twigs in complex shields. The bright yellow color contrasts intricately with the beautiful greenery.

Pacific ayaniya probably owes its recent popularity to the timing of flowering. Ajania blooms late, only in late summer, but in the second half of the garden season it has no competitors. Magnificent August blossoming continues as long as the weather allows - till the first frosts come. When growing in the open ground in regions with severe winters the plant most often has no time to flower.

Ayaniya Pacifica is now on sale in luxurious varieties distinguished by metallic effects, the color of the inflorescences and the cast on the leaves. The Silver and Gold variety is very popular and contrary to its name evokes associations not with precious metals at all: bright, deep green leaves with a silver most delicate border are combined with festive, dazzling lemon baskets of flowers in very large inflorescences. A similar dazzling yellow, but with a warmer hue, is characteristic of the inflorescences of the Pacific ayaniya variety "Mimosa Gold". Another noteworthy variety is the original "Pink Ice" with its tongue-like flowers in baskets that are pale pink in color with very dark foliage. Other varieties are also found, but their appearance differs little from the basic plant.

Other species of Ajania

Other plants of the genus Ajania are worth considering in addition to the Pacific Ajania. Shrubs or semi-shrubs, less often herbaceous perennials, naturally found only in rocky places, are not so similar in appearance to Ajania pacifica. Thick pubescence of simple and bipartite hairs, pinnate inflorescences of small baskets of inflorescences and densely pubescent shoots with pinnate leaves are their general characteristics.

Ajania pallasiana (Ajania pallasiana) is a compact perennial with straight stems becoming woody from the base, densely pubescent, from 20 cm to more than half a meter high. Rhombic or lanceolate, pinnately parted leaves are limited to 8 cm in length, but more often they are much smaller. The baskets of inflorescences are small, up to 2 cm, gathered in shields at the tops of shoots.

Ajania wispy (Ajania fastigiata) is a rather large species with silvery pubescence, suitable for the role of "wild" accents in natural style. The shoots are few and sometimes solitary, from 20 to 70 cm in height, adorned at the top with beautiful branching and gray pubescent leaves. The scales are large, dense, false, and consist of beautiful, lush basket-like inflorescences. The negative feature of this species is considered a very pungent and unpleasant aroma.

Ajania scharnhorstii (Ajania scharnhorstii) is a tiny accent for alpine mountains, only up to 10 cm high. The shoots are recumbent or raised, the leaves are silvery, small, and the inflorescences bloom one at a time or in small dense shields. It is a touching touch in the design of alpine rock gardens and perfectly complements small flowering accents.

Ayania pacifica - a balcony miracle
Ajania pacifica, or chrysanthemum pacifica (Ajania pacifica). © Audrey

Use of Ajania pacifica in ornamental gardening

Ajania pacifica is a plant with strictly balcony status. This annual is primarily used for lush compositions on window sills and in balcony boxes, but this does not mean that the plant will not take root in garden soil or it has little potential. It's just that the ayaniya pacifica is an accent so beautiful that it tends to be used in the foreground, where you can admire the leaves and flowers. It is a fashionable and modern star for gardens designed primarily in modern styles. Other species of ayanias, on the other hand, are used in natural plantings or only in stony gardens.

Ayaniya is used as a container plant:

  • to decorate a terrace or recreation area;
  • in mobile flower gardens;
  • in mini-alpinaries;
  • as an autumn replacement for blooming classic annuals;
  • to create autumnal potted compositions;
  • as an autumnal addition to tall summers and perennials, potted shrubs and trees;
  • to fill soil in flowerbeds.

But if desired, the plant can also be grown in open soil. Telling the truth, because of the late start Ayania pacifica in such conditions more often than not has no time to flower at all, but its greenery remains one of the most original decorations of stony gardens. Pacific ayaniya is used in the design of alpine slopes and rock gardens, planting in crevices of rocks and in such places where the plant is not threatened by soaking. It is recommended to place any ayaniya not on the southern but on the eastern side of alpine slopes and in rock crevices.

Ayaniya Pacifica now adds to the list of promising indoor plants as well. The plant has to be regularly renewed and replaced with new specimens, but you can freely enjoy its spectacular flowering.

Selecting partners for ayaniya

Ayaniya Pacifica is a decorative-leaved plant that in container culture perfectly sets off any beautifully flowering crops. It also combines well with millet, ivy, seaside cineraria, but the best partners for ayaniya will be summers with lush flowering.

Ayaniya can be combined with any plant from among the typical alpine hill cultures - from miniature conifers and dwarf shrubs to perennials and bulbous accents.

Ayania pacifica - a balcony miracle
Ayaniya Pacifica, or chrysanthemum Pacifica (Ajania pacifica). © gardenershq

Conditions required by the Pacific chrysanthemum

This is one of the most unpretentious annuals, able to be content with modest conditions. Ajanias, unlike stars that start their parade much earlier, tolerate poor soil very well. In container culture, plants grow well in light shade, diffuse or sunlight. In open soil shading is acceptable only in the south (and in regions with harsh winters the ayaniya is planted only in sunny areas).

Any light, loose, drained soil will do for Pacific chrysanthemum. The plant does not require nutritious soil and grows perfectly well in fairly poor conditions, does not like an excess of nutrients, even poor soils before planting can not be improved. The preferred soil reaction is from 6.0 to 6.2 pH. Both substrate for potted plants and soil for growing in rock gardens should be neutral in reaction and perfectly permeable to water. When growing in containers and planting in places where there is even the slightest risk of stagnant water, it is worth laying down a high layer of drainage.

Care for Ayania

The status of a drought-tolerant annual is quite consistent with the simple care that this plant will need. Ajania is watered regularly in times of drought, but it tolerates soil drying out well even in a potted culture. It is best to water frequently, but not too abundantly. When growing in open soil, water only during severe drought. Spraying in the hottest weather has a beneficial effect on the beauty of the leaves. These procedures are carried out only before the budding stage and in the evening.

Feeding for this plant can be done without fertilization. When growing in pots and containers Ayania pacificanskaya still fertilize with standard frequency, reducing the dosage of fertilizers in 2 times or standard doses, but not more than 1 time per month. The plant naturally forms beautiful hemispherical cushion bushes. But it is possible to contain the size or encourage even more thickening by regular pruning of the shoots. Elongating branches that are out of silhouette can be shortened as desired.

The only difficulty in caring for Pacific chrysanthemum is the need to remove the fading inflorescences from the bushes in a timely manner. Maturing of the seeds stops flowering, and the apical umbrellas with faded baskets look unattractive, spoiling the whole impression of the plant. If overwatered, bushes can suffer from powdery mildew and rust, but usually the ayaniyas show enviable resistance.

Ayania pacifica - a balcony miracle
Ayaniya Pacifica, or chrysanthemum Pacifica (Ajania pacifica)

Wintering Chrysanthemum Pacifica

Hardiness of Ajania Pacifica is limited to zones 5 - 9 (withstands frosts up to -29 degrees), in soil it can be grown even in the middle belt with favorable weather or proper shelter. Other species of ayaniya also winter well enough. All plants of this genus are afraid not of frost, but of soaking and thawing out.

Container and potted ayaniya are usually thrown out after the first frost arrives. But they are perennials which, if properly covered or brought indoors, can survive the winter and be used the following year. They do not have to be discarded at all. Overwinter the ayaniyas in bright, cool rooms with the best cold-tolerant canopy and pot perennials or as a houseplant, continuing or starting their blooms. In spring cuttings can be cut from bushes and replaced by new plants, and if bushes retain their ornamental qualities, they can be taken out into the garden again after the threat of late frosts disappears.

Growing ajanias in soil usually winter well under a snow cover, but are very afraid of getting wet during thaws or in spring. In the middle belt, it is better to protect them with a reliable shelter - to cover them with soil, install a simple lapnik protection or cover them with an air-dry method to prevent getting wet.

Pacific Chrysanthemum Propagation

Ayaniya seeds require growing through sprouts. They will only germinate in cool temperatures. Sowing is carried out superficially, only slightly sprinkling a layer of substrate, in lightly drained soil and in low containers. Under glass or film and at a temperature of 12 to 16 degrees Celsius, sprouts appear in about a month.

If the potted ayaniya is kept as a perennial (or when grown in open soil), the plant can also be propagated vegetatively. Large Pacific ayaniya bushes are divided in spring or cut apical cuttings from young shoots, rooting them simply in water or under a hood in a light substrate at the same temperatures at which seedlings are grown - 13-15 degrees. The branches left after pruning can be rooted throughout the season.