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10 Things To Do In The Flower Garden In The Fall

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Autumn is a favorite time for many gardeners. The main harvest is already harvested and processed, but the time of rest has not yet come. There is still much to do in the garden and in the beds, but it is important to give time to the flower bed. There really is something to do, because many flowers are transplanted and multiplied in autumn, and the preparation of the soil in the beds will largely depend on the look of the ornamental garden next year. Read about what needs to be done in flower beds in autumn in this article.

10 things to do in the flower garden in the fall
10 things to do in the flower bed in the autumn

1. Putting things in order

Many flowers by the beginning of September have already blossomed and, remaining in the beds, spoil the whole view, making the flower bed untidy. So the first thing to do is to remove flowering annuals. You can collect seeds from especially liked varieties, dry them a little and put into jars or paper bags. It is better to sign the seeds at once, indicating the name of the flower, color, approximate height and year of collection. This is done so that you will not forget what the plant looks like if you do not sow it next year. A year or two later, you may not even remember what it was.

If the flowers have not had any diseases and did not suffer from pests, you do not need to burn them. It's better to put them through a shredder and use them as mulch or put in compost.

In September-October many plants are still pleasing us with their flowers and to prolong this miracle you should regularly cut off the flower stems. However, this approach is not recommended for everyone. Specialists advise not to cut the last buds of roses, not to push the plants to growth, but to let the shoots mature.

2. Planting bulbs

Tulips, narcissi, crocuses, muskrats, imperial grouse, decorative onions and other bulbous flowers are planted in the middle belt in September-early October. But hyacinths are better planted a little later - in the second half of October. Before planting, bulbs should be pickled using a weak solution of manganese solution or special agents "Maxim" or "Vitaros".

For good plant development and subsequent flowering, bulbs need nutritious soil. When preparing the soil for planting under the digging add a complex mineral fertilizer.

The depth of the hole depends on the bulb size and is determined by the "rule of three" - from the bulb base to the soil surface should be a distance equal to the size of the bulb, multiplied by three. If planting is carried out in dry weather, the planted bulbs should be watered.

Read also our material Where to plant spring bulbs? 5 correct decisions.

10 things to do in the flower garden in the fall
Dahlia roots are stored without soil, they are carefully inspected, the damaged places are removed, and after treatment they are dried. © combatgamershq

3. Digging up tubers and bulbs

Heorghines, cannes, begonias and gladioluses are important not only to dig up properly and put away for storage, but also to prepare for digging. These plants are dug up after the first frosts, and the stems are previously dipped in earth to prevent frost damage to tubers and bulbs.

After frost cut off the above-ground part, and the rhizomes, tubers and bulbs are washed and soaked in fungicide. Then the planting material is dried and put into storage.

But here for each culture has its own rules:

  • Dahlia roots are stored without soil, and before putting them into storage carefully inspected, remove all the damaged places, and after treatment dry for several days.
  • Corneas are stored with a clump of soil, but the plant should be cleaned of old soil, washed, and planted in new soil before being put away for storage.
  • Begonias can be stored both with and without soil, but it is highly desirable to clean the tubers from soil, wash and disinfect them.

Tubers, rhizomes and bulbs are stored in moderate humidity at +3 ... +5 ° C.

4. Sending perennial "summerers" for winter

Not only pelargonium can survive the winter at home. So-called perennial annuals, among which coleus, balsam, eustomas, gazanias, fuchsias, ornamental ivy and other plants winter well in cool rooms.

It is important to understand that not all annuals are capable of this, but only those from southern countries, whose life cycle at home is perennial. The above plants should be transferred to pots before frost, cut off damaged leaves and spent flower stalks and brought inside.

The proper resting period, which is a well-lit cool place and infrequent watering, will most favorably affect the subsequent flowering. In March-April pelargoniums, coleus and balsamines are cut, good cuttings are rooted and by the beginning of summer planted in the flower bed.

Read also our material 12 annuals that can be preserved in winter.

5. Dividing and transplanting perennials

Autumn is the best time for transplanting and propagation of perennials that bloom in spring. Therefore, do not wait until the thermometer column falls below +5 ° C, we dig up and divide peonies, astilbe, phlox, lilies, primroses and other flowers. However, phlox and lilies and hostas can also be divided in spring.

To divide a peony, dig it up and wash the roots. Then with a sharp, clean knife or hatchet, divide the rhizome into parts. Each division should have several live eyes on it. If it is not possible to plant the pieces immediately, they can be stored for a few days in crates covered with damp sphagnum or coconut fibre.

Lilies are divided without digging up, but cut the bush with a spade directly in the ground. In this way the bush can be divided into 2-3 parts, but if it is a valuable variety, the plant should be dug whole, the roots washed and each fan carefully separated. Do the same with phlox.

Read also our article 20 perennials that divide in the fall.

10 things to do in the flower garden in the fall
Autumn is the best time for transplanting and propagating spring-flowering perennials. © indianapublicmedia

6. Feeding perennials

Even though many flowers do not flower well in over-fertilized soil, on a starvation ration of lush flowering from them also can not be expected. Therefore, in September we introduce phosphorus-potassium fertilizer or any mineral from the group "autumn"

Right and timely fertilizing will help flowers to regain strength and prepare for winter. The main thing is not to use complex fertilizers, left over from spring - they contain nitrogen, and this element causes the growth of plants, which is not needed in autumn.

7. Preparing the soil for future flower beds

The soil in future flower beds before the onset of cold weather is recultivated, adding complex mineral fertilizer and manure, horse manure if possible. If there is ash - excellent, because in addition to a rich set of useful trace elements, it has the property to deoxidize the soil. Instead of ash, on acidic soils you can use lime or dolomite flour, but do not make them under plants that need acidic soil.

To improve fertility, after digging you can sow the soil with green manure. White mustard or oil radish are fairly cold-resistant crops and continue their growth even in light frosts. Green mass for the winter is left on seedbeds or beds, and in the spring embed into the soil. Sedates inhibit the growth of weeds, improve soil structure and thus enrich it with nitrogen. Pruning perennials

Autumn care of perennials is not limited to fertilizing. By the end of September, most of the perennials have already bloomed and you can start pruning. All flowers have their own terms for this procedure and much depends on the climatic zone. But in any case you should not hurry to cut the green leaves - it is a kind of laboratory and there pass the necessary processes for the plant.

First remove spoiled, dried up leaves and shoots, and leave the green ones until frost. Pruning is carried out in dry weather to avoid rainwater ingress into the hollow stems.

If any diseases or pests were observed on the plants during the growing season, it is necessary to treat the bushes with appropriate preparations. It is better to do it after pruning.

You can also read our article Should perennials be pruned for winter?

10 things to do in the flower garden in the fall
Most of the perennials have already bloomed by the end of September and you can start pruning. © Walters Gardens

9. Getting your roses ready for covering

Some roses bloom until frost, but you still need to prepare for winter. There is no consensus among gardeners whether roses need fall pruning. Probably in areas with a warm climate, you can avoid this procedure, but in most parts of our country, roses have to be covered for the winter, and with large bushes it is problematic to do so.

So before the onset of frost, bush roses have their shoots shortened. Remove the climbing roses from their trellises, place them on planks, and press them down gently. Roses are covered after frost. If the leaves have not fallen by this time, they are removed by hand.

Gardeners use different ways to insulate roses, but the best results are given by "dry" covering. Nothing complicated here - over the bush a frame is built, which is covered with a dense covering material in two layers, the top of the structure is covered with a dense polyethylene film.

With striped roses frame is built in the form of a tunnel. Using this way of covering, it is important to make sure that the polyethylene is not laid flat - it is necessary to leave a hole for ventilation.

Not all perennials withstand winter frosts, so some need to be covered. Bulbs, planted in time, have time to take root by frosts and for a successful wintering it is enough to mulch them well. Dutch varieties of tulips, lilies and their brethren should preferably be covered with lapels. The same is done with other, not particularly capricious perennials.

Floxes often freeze in winter, and to avoid this, in late autumn bushes are covered with dry earth. For less winter-hardy flowers use "dry" covering, similar to roses.

When covering perennials for the winter, it is important to respect the timing, and they can vary depending on the weather. Plants covered early, in warm, sunny weather can dry out under cover. Therefore, in the first half of autumn mulch is poured under bushes, and covered after frosts.

Mulching is a mandatory technique, which should be carried out in anticipation of winter. A layer of peat, straw or decomposed sawdust will protect the roots of plants in a snowless frosty winter. Flowers transplanted in the fall, mulch is just necessary.

Dear readers! We talked about the basic activities needed to prepare flower beds for winter. To perform them is not difficult, and the result - a beautiful bright flower bed next year you will have for sure!