A rich harvest in the garden or vegetable garden is always the result of painstaking and difficult work. We are all accustomed to the fact that the main troubles occur in summer, but many plants need special care in the autumn period. This is particularly true of grapes. At the beginning of September the vine is already quite weakened: all its energy is given to ripening berries, and our key task is to prepare the plant for wintering, providing it with protection from cold and parasites, as well as the possibility to recover after the harvest. We propose to learn what the competent autumn care of grapes consists in.
Main stages of autumn care
Preparing grapes in the cottage or household plot for winter rest includes a number of important activities, each of which has a specific purpose:
- pruning and shaping the bush;
- spraying and treatment against vermin;
- applying soil nutrition and watering;
- grafting or transplanting.
Autumn pruning of the vine is extremely beneficial to its development, as it allows you to form a more efficient structure of the plant and direct its growth. With competent treatment of the shoots you can achieve a larger harvest and accelerate the ripening by a few days, and make it easier to take care of the bush afterwards. Experts recommend pruning twice: in mid-September and after the last berry harvest, when all the leaves have fallen off. At the preliminary stage, you should get rid of dry and damaged branches, and already the main work should be done after.
Watering and feeding
The most important stages of autumn care for grapes are fertilizing the soil and watering. Enough moisture will ensure quality ripening of berries, but the lack or excess of moisture can have a very negative impact on the yield. After the harvest, the watering should be treated even more responsibly. If the autumn is rainy, do not overdo it, and in the drier months, regularly monitor the saturation of the root system of the vine with moisture. At the end of October, the soil should be further soaked with water by building a few holes, and then loosen.
As for fertilization, it is on it depends the condition of the crop in the spring and the yield of the coming season. To ensure that with the fall rains and spring meltwater the nutrients are not washed out of the soil, use a natural humic fertilizer from leonardite. Humic acids are insoluble in water, thus they fix in the soil all the useful substances the plant needs. Humic Soil Remover will relieve the stress of autumn temperature changes, help to strengthen the root system, create a supply of nutrition for the soil microflora.
Protection from pests and diseases and preparation for frost
Raptors are a serious problem for preservation of grapevines on the plot. During the winter, mice not only eat the bark, but also its eyeballs. There are proper and reliable ways to keep the plant from mice: mechanical - for example, you can place small traps from 5-liter plastic bottles. To do this, you need to cut off the neck of a plastic bottle and dig it between the vines, put bait inside the bottle and pour a little sunflower oil for smell. Mice will be attracted to such a trap; chemical - special poisons.
Please also read this.
Can be applied to vines repellent aromas: kerosene, naphthalene, essential oils, "Vishnevsky" ointment, liquid smoke, tar.
Also be sure to treat vines with any antifungal agent.
After treatment, you can proceed to the last stage of care - covering the vine.
Warming the vine before frosts can be done in many different ways: to wrap the vine in film, bury the bush along the entire length, or cover with fir lapnik. It is this option that experienced grape growers consider the most preferable, since pine and spruce branches do not impede the flow of air to the shoots and perfectly protect them from snow.
Good harvest to you!